Transportation

 

 

Porters are hard-working people, carrying huge loads on their back in areas without roads. They are a very common sight in the Nepal Himalaya, where you occasionally also come across female porters.

 

Everest 2010a
I met this salesman near Junbesi, Solu, eastern Nepal. He was hiking from one village to another, his huge basket filled to the brim with all sorts of goods. I asked him, if he knew the weight of his basket, and he thought it would be around 90 kilograms! (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Uttarakhand 2008
Staggering under their huge loads, these women carry dried grass, to be used as fodder, to their village Agora, Asi River Valley, Uttarakhand, northern India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Everest 2010a
This porter is struggling, carrying a heavy load of planks up the Gokyo Valley, Khumbu, eastern Nepal. The mountains in the background are Kangtega (6685 m, left) and Thamserku (6608 m). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Bali-Lombok 2012
Carrying his load on a thick bamboo stem, this porter is making his way up a steep trail on the Gunung Rinjani Volcano, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nepal 1991a
Porters, struggling through snow and fog near the Keke La Pass (4229 m), Makalu-Barun National Park, eastern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nepal 2009
This farmer in Dhobichour, Helambu, central Nepal, is carrying a huge load of silver-headed grass to his farm, to be used as fodder. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nepal 2009a
Early in the morning, this porter passes through kitchen smoke, seeping out from a house in the village of Koto, Marsyangdi Valley, central Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nepal 1985
This female trekker in the Annapurna area, central Nepal, has twisted a foot and must now be carried back to civilization on the back of a porter. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nepal 1985
These women carry fodder, consisting of lopped branches of trees, from the jungle to their village near Sauraha, southern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Boats are dealt with in detail elsewhere on this website, see Culture: Boats. Below, a selection of pictures show various boat and ship types.

 

Ethiopien 1996
At Lake Tana, in the highlands of Ethiopia, boats have been made from papyrus stems (Cyperus papyrus) since the 9th Century B.C., or even earlier. Today, vessels of this type still ply this lake, like this one, laden with fodder. A huge growth of papyrus is seen in the background. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Tanzania 1988
For thousands of years, Arabs were trading along the East African coast, sailing in an ancient Arabian type of sailboat, called a dhow. Africans soon adopted this boat type, and today you still see large numbers of dhows, sailing along the East African coast. This one was photographed in the Buyuni Bay, Tanzania. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Costa Rica-2
A couple of minutes after this photograph was taken, this heavily loaded cargo boat capsized! – Rio Suerte, near Pavona, Costa Rica. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Asien 1972-73
Madan tribals in a canoe, Haur-al-Hamar, marshes of southern Iraq. – Read more about this people elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Iraq 1973 – The hospitable mudir, and Dust storm and sheep’s head. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Asien 1977-78
Another boat type of the Madan people is the belem, a stout boat type, used for transportation of goods, like this one at Al-Sabel, heavily laden with harvested reeds. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nordindien 1997
In the Kashmir Valley, northern India, lakes and canals form important waterways for transportation of goods. This man is paddling a boat, laden with sacks, a door, and other items, through the city of Srinagar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nordindien 1997
A canoe on Dal Lake, Kashmir, heavily laden with fodder. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Kina 1987
Chinese junk, Xi River, Guangdong, China. Rain clouds are looming in the background. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Bangkok 2005-07
At the floating market in Damnoensaduak, Thailand, two women and a man sell fruits from their boats: rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), pomelo (Citrus maxima), pineapples (Ananas sativus), lime (Citrus aurantiifolia), grapes (Vitis vinifera), and longan, or dragon-eye fruit (Dimocarpus longan). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Punan tribals, punting their canoes, called perahu, up the Ba River, a tributary to the mighty Rajang River, Sarawak, Borneo. – Read more about this people elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Borneo 1975 – Canoe trip with Punan tribals. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Myanmar 2007
This canal is the main thoroughfare through the town of Nyaung Shwe, Lake Inle, Myanmar. Transportation of passengers and goods mainly take place in longboats with outboard engines, whisking the water into high plumes. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Fisherman, paddling his out-rigger canoe across an ancient artificial lake, named Nuwara Wewa, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Rain clouds are looming on the horizon. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Myanmar 2007
Sunset on the Ayeyarwadi (Irrawaddy) River, Bagan, Myanmar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The pictures below show various types of ferries.

 

Cambodia 2009
Passenger boat, plying a river near Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Afrika 1980-81
Truck, driving on board a river ferry near Bogilima, Zaire. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
Passengers on board the ferry ‘M/V Ilala’, cruising Lake Malawi from south to north. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Bangkok 2005-07
Ferry, plying the Chao Phraya River, Bangkok, Thailand. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Zambia 1993 
In Kasanka National Park, northern Zambia, this pontoon ferry brings my car across a small river. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Indien 1994
Tiny ferry boat, bringing passengers across the Ganges River, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan is the land of scooters. Every morning, millions of Taiwanese go to work, driving on this means of transportation.

 

Taiwan 2018a
In the morning, these scooter drivers are waiting for green light at a crossing, Taichung. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Taiwan 2018
Parked scooters, Taichung. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Taiwan 2017b
Taiwan 2017b
Two ways of transporting your children on a scooter in the village of Dalinpo, near Kaohsiung. This father has equipped his children with safety helmets, while the safety of his own head seems to be of less importance (top). As a contrast to this, the couple in the lower picture, talking on their cell phones, are wearing helmets, while their children’s heads seem less precious. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Taiwan 2014b
This golden retriever in the town of Fangliao is too old to run behind his master’s scooter, so he gets a lift this way. – Read about dogs elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Taiwan 2017
Three on a scooter, Taichung. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The Unga is a Bantu people – from ba (a plural form) and ntu (’human’), i.e. ‘people’ – who live on islands in the great Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia. Their main occupation is fishing, and they also grow manioc, or kassava (Manihot esculenta), besides collecting a number of wild plants, such as rhizomes of water-lilies (Nymphaea) and roots of papyrus (Cyperus papyrus). They also hunt birds and antelope. – Read more about the Unga people elsewhere on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky.

 

Zambia 1993
Unga men, bringing a load of dried fish to a market at the edge of the Bangweulu Swamps to exchange them with other goods. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
This sick Unga man is taken by boat to a local hospital. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

As a close acolyte of Man, the donkey has been introduced to almost every corner of the world. The total population is about 40-45 million, with most, c. 11 million, in Chinese territories. – Read more about donkeys elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man.

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Boy, riding a donkey, Birecik, Turkey. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Tibet 1987
Donkey carts are a common means of transportation in Tibet, here in Shigatse. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Afrika 1980-81
This woman and her donkey are on their way towards a lake south of Abalak, Niger, to fetch water. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydøstasien 1975
A huge sack of apples, adorned with red plastic flowers, is loaded onto a donkey to be taken to a market in Kabul, Afghanistan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

A mule is a crossbreed between a horse and a donkey. In areas without roads in the Himalaya, and elsewhere, most transportation of goods still take place on mules.

 

Annapurna 2007
Mule train, returning without loads from the Upper Kali Gandaki Valley, Annapurna, central Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Guizhou 2009
This man in Suicheng, Guizhou Province, China, has acquired a pig at a market, and now he is carrying it to his home in a basket. – Read about pigs elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In the old days, transportation of people in Asian cities mainly took place in so-called rickshaws, drawn by running men, in India called rickshaw wallahs. Later, their role was taken over by three-wheeled bicycles, motorcycles, or scooters, in India called tempo.

 

Indien 1994
Today, running rickshaw wallahs are a rare sight, but may still occasionally be seen in the city of Kolkata, north-eastern India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Uttarakhand 2008
Wearing a hat against the winter cold (but no socks), this tired rickshaw driver is napping on his cycle, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Cycle rickshaw drivers, waiting for customers, Sibolga, Sumatra, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Ladakh 2009
Relaxed rickshaw driver, sleeping on his cycle, Delhi, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nordindien 1997
Sikhs, who may easily be identified by their immaculately bound turbans, are often employed as motor rickshaws drivers, as this one in Delhi, India. – Read more about Sikhs elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Sikhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Myanmar 2007 
This truck in central Myanmar also functions as a bus. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan_2018_022
Taiwan is at a very high level, as far as recycling is concerned. Everywhere you see various means of transportation: scooters, motorcycles, small pick-ups, and pull-carts, carrying huge loads of recycling materials. This picture is from Taichung. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991 
Indian busses are often filled to their bursting point, as this one in Rajasthan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991 
This camel is pulling a cart, laden with yarn, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. – Read about camels elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man, and Travel episodes: India 2003 – Camel safari in the Thar Desert. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indonesien 1985 
This man is carrying numerous baskets, tied to a bamboo pole, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

A few places in Ladakh, northern India, and elsewhere, transportation across rivers takes place in cable chairs.

 

Nordindien 1982
This tourist is crossing the Zanskar River, Ladakh, in a cable chair. The chair is pulled along the cable by men on the opposite shore. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Cambodia 2009 
Motorcyclist with wife, children, and firewood, Banteay Kdei, Angkor, Cambodia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island-Færøerne 1999
Transportation of sheep on a truck, Aðaldal, northern Iceland. – Read about sheep elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997 
These men are transporting long bamboo stems on a carrier cycle, Sonpur, Bihar, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1985
This little boy gets a free ride, acting as counterbalance in one of the baskets on his father’s bamboo carrying pole, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2009 
This elderly man in the town of Shenghsing, Taiwan, is transporting goods (and his wife) on a mini-tractor. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Two pictures, depicting a perfect sense of balance.

 

Afrika 1980-81
Woman, walking along a road near Ngaunderé, Cameroun, balancing a dish on her head. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Myanmar 2007
Girl, carrying laundry, Bagan, Myanmar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98 
This truck in Kochi, Kerala, South India, has been loaded with an enormous amount of oil drums. Hopefully, they are empty! (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tanzania 1989 
This petrol truck is stuck on a muddy road between Namtumbo and Tunduru, southern Tanzania. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Cambodia 2009
While waiting for his customers to return from a visit to Angkor Thom, Cambodia, the driver of this tuk-tuk, or motorcycle taxi, takes a nap. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Annapurna 2007
On board a crowded bus, these women bring big baskets of cucumbers to a market in Pokhara, central Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Three on a moped: Father and twin infant sons, Phuket, Thailand. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Costa Rica-2
This truck in the town of Cariari, Costa Rica, is decorated with a painting of a wolf, the sun, and a truck, on which the same image is repeated. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Egypten 1999 
This ship in the Suez Canal, Egypt, is partly hidden behind a sand bar, creating an illusion of containers, being transported on board a train. The Attaqa Mountains are seen in the background. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Horse cart with nicely decorated horses, near Prizren, Kosovo. – Read about horses elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2018
Tandem bikes for rent, Taichung Metropolitan Park, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

At high altitudes in the Himalaya, yaks burdened with bulky loads are a very common sight. The Latin name of these beasts, Bos grunniens (‘the grunting ox’), is very descriptive, as they grunt incessantly. The females, called nak, yield excellent milk. – Read more about the yak elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man.

 

Everest 2010
Yaks, laden with heavy burdens, Khumbu, eastern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Afrika 1980-81 
A pig, two chickens, and palm leaves, all transported on one bicycle, western Zaire. – Read about pigs and chickens elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali-Lombok 2012 
Despite heavy rain, this motorcyclist continues his journey through the town of Senggigi, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1985-86
This parked bicycle, loaded with baskets, is illuminated by the evening sun, Delhi, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Fresh meat, transported on a bicycle, Kathmandu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009
Instead of spending many hours herding his goats along the road to a market, this man stuffs them into the luggage compartment of a bus, Baunepat, central Nepal. – Read about goats elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014b 
During the ‘Cherry Blossom Festival’, celebrated in Alishan, central Taiwan, numerous tourist buses are lined up. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009 
Tiny motorcycle taxis ply the streets of Weining, Guizhou Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded August 2017)

 

(Revised continuously)