Transportation

 

 

Scooters and motorcycles are very common means of transportation in many Asian countries. Every morning and late afternoon, millions of people go to work, driving on these vehicles.

 

 

Hanoi, Vietnam. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2018a
In the morning, scooter drivers are waiting for green light at a crossing, Taichung, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Cambodia 2009
Motorcyclist with wife, children, and firewood, Banteay Kdei, Angkor, Cambodia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2018
Parked scooters, Taichung, Taiwan (top), and Hanoi, Vietnam. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Despite heavy rain, this motorcyclist continues his journey through the town of Senggigi, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

These scooters in Hanoi, Vietnam, have seen better days. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014b
This golden retriever in the town of Fangliao, Taiwan, is too old to run behind his master’s scooter, so he gets a lift this way. – Domestication of the dog is described on the page Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

High load on a motorcycle, Hanoi, Vietnam. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017
Three on a scooter, Taichung. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

The pictures below, from the village of Dalinpo, near Kaohsiung, Taiwan, show two attitudes when it comes to transporting children on scooters. The father in the upper picture has equipped his children with safety helmets, but the safety of his own head seems to be of less importance. As a contrast to this, the couple in the lower picture, talking on their cell phones, are wearing helmets, whereas their children’s heads seem less precious.

 

 

Taiwan 2017b
Taiwan 2017b
(Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Porters are hard-working people, carrying huge loads on their back in areas without roads. They are a very common sight in the Himalaya, where you occasionally also come across female porters.

 

 

Everest 2010a
I met this salesman near Junbesi, Solu, eastern Nepal. He was hiking from one village to another, his huge basket filled to the brim with all sorts of goods. I asked him, if he knew the weight of his basket, and he thought it would be around 90 kilograms! (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Uttarakhand 2008
Staggering under their huge loads, these women carry dried grass, to be used as fodder, to their village Agora, Asi River Valley, Uttarakhand, northern India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Everest 2010a
This porter is struggling, carrying a heavy load of planks up the Gokyo Valley, Khumbu, eastern Nepal. The mountains in the background are Kangtega (6685 m, left) and Thamserku (6608 m). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Porters, struggling through snow and fog near the Keke La Pass (4229 m), Makalu-Barun National Park, eastern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009
This farmer in Dhobichour, Helambu, central Nepal, is carrying a huge load of silver-headed grass to his farm, to be used as fodder. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Porters, struggling to bring heavy loads onto the roof rack of buses in Jaipur, Rajasthan (top), and Joshimath, Uttarakhand, both in India. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009a
Early in the morning, this porter is passing through kitchen smoke, which seeps out from a house in the village of Koto, Marsyangdi Valley, central Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This female trekker in the Annapurna area, central Nepal, has twisted an ankle and must now be carried back to civilization on the back of a porter. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1985
Village women, carrying fodder, consisting of lopped branches from the jungle near Sauraha, southern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

In the picture below, a road altar has been erected next to a bus stop in the village of Karanao, near Laki, Crete, in case you might want to worship while waiting for the bus. – Pictures, depicting other road altars, are shown on the page Religion: Christianity.

 

 

(Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The ’waiting room’ at this bus stop in the town of Kurseong, West Bengal, India, is not as fancy as the one in the picture above. A small boy has climbed onto the roof of the shed. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Boats are dealt with in detail on the page Culture: Boats. Below, a selection of pictures shows various boat and ship types.

 

On Lake Tana, Ethiopia, reed boats have been made from papyrus stems since the 9th Century B.C., or earlier. The simplest type is merely a bundle of papyrus, tied together, but they can also be of considerable size, carrying huge loads.

 

 

Large papyrus boat on Lake Tana, heavily laden with fodder. A huge growth of papyrus is seen in the background. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

For millennia, Arabs were trading along the East African coast, sailing in their typical dhows – an ancient Arabian type of sailboat. Africans have adopted the dhow, and today you still see them in large numbers along the East African coast.

 

 

This dhow was photographed in Buyuni Bay, Tanzania. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

A couple of minutes after this photograph was taken, this heavily loaded cargo boat capsized! – Rio Suerte, near Pavona, Costa Rica. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

For thousands of years, a huge marsh area in southern Iraq, between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, was the home of the Madan tribe, whose way of life was completely adapted to the wet habitat. They moved about in canoes, built their reed houses on islets, and made a living by hunting and fishing, growing rice, and raising water buffaloes.

This interesting wetland is presented in depth on the pages Travel episodes – Iraq 1973: The hospitable mudir, and Iraq 1973: Dust storm and sheep’s head.

 

 

Madan men in a canoe, called meshof, on the huge lake Haur-al-Hamar, southern Iraq. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Another boat type of the Madan people is the belem, a stout boat type, which is used for transportation of goods, like this one near Al-Sabel, heavily laden with harvested reeds. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

In the Kashmir Valley, northern India, lakes and canals form important waterways for transportation of goods.

 

 

This man is paddling a boat, laden with sacks, a door, and other items, through the city of Srinagar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

A canoe on Dal Lake, Kashmir, heavily laden with fodder. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

The Chinese junk is a type of sailing ship, which was – and to some degree still is – used by Chinese traders throughout Southeast Asia. This boat type was developed during the Song dynasty (960–1279).

 

 

Chinese junk, sailing up the Xi River, Guangdong Province, southern China. Rain clouds are looming on the horizon. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

This ship in the Suez Canal, Egypt, is partly hidden behind a sand bar, creating an illusion of containers, being transported on board a train. The Attaqa Mountains are seen in the background. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Below is a scene from the floating market in Damnoensaduak, Thailand, where two women and a man are selling fruits from their boats: rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), pomelo (Citrus maxima), pineapples (Ananas sativus), lime (Citrus aurantiifolia), grapes (Vitis vinifera), and longan, or dragon-eye fruit (Dimocarpus longan).

 

 

Bangkok 2005-07
(Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

The Punan is one of several Malayan tribes, known by the common name Dayaks, which also include Iban, Kayan, Kelabit, and Penan. You may read about my adventures with Punan people on the page Travel episodes – Borneo 1975: Canoe trip with Punan tribals.

 

 

Punan men, punting their canoes, called perahu, up the Ba River, a tributary to the mighty Rajang River, Sarawak, Borneo. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Myanmar 2007
This canal is the main thoroughfare through the town of Nyaung Shwe, Lake Inle, Myanmar. Transportation of passengers and goods mainly take place in longboats with outboard engines, whisking the water into high plumes. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Fisherman, paddling his out-rigger canoe across an ancient artificial lake, named Nuwara Wewa, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Rain clouds are looming on the horizon. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

The Unga are a Bantu people, who live on islands in the great Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia. Their main occupation is fishing, and they also grow manioc, or kassava (Manihot esculenta), besides collecting a number of wild plants, such as rhizomes of water-lilies (Nymphaea) and roots of papyrus (Cyperus papyrus). They also hunt birds and antelope.

The ways of the Unga people are described in detail on the page Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky.

 

 

Unga men, bringing a load of dried fish to a market at the edge of the Bangweulu Swamps to exchange them with other goods. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
This sick Unga man is taken by boat to a local hospital. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Sunset on the Ayeyarwadi (Irrawaddy) River, Bagan, Myanmar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

The pictures below show various types of ferries.

 

 

Passenger boat, plying a river near Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Truck, driving on board a river ferry near Bogilima, Zaire. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Passengers on board the ferry ‘M/V Ilala’, cruising Lake Malawi from south to north. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ferry, plying the Chao Phraya River, Bangkok, Thailand. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In Kasanka National Park, northern Zambia, this pontoon ferry brings my car across a small river. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tiny ferry boat, bringing passengers across the Ganges River, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

As close acolytes of Man, the horse and the donkey have been introduced to almost every corner of the world. The total population of the horse is about 58 million, whereas that of the donkey is c. 44 million, most of which, about 11 million, are found in Chinese territories, followed by Ethiopia with about 5 million.

A mule is a crossbreed between a horse and a donkey. In areas without roads in the Himalaya, and elsewhere, most transportation of goods still take place on mules. The total number of mules is not known.

Horse, donkey, and mule are presented in detail on the page Animals: Animals as servants of Man.

 

At a very early stage, Man began riding horses.

 

 

Horse rider, Kyrgyzstan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This Tibetan monk, who is wearing a kata (a scarf, which has been presented to him as a sign of respect), participates in a horse race during the annual Tibetan Yartung Festival, which takes place in the Jhong River Valley, Mustang, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Horse-drawn carriages, with a Russian expression often called droshky, are a common means of transportation around the world.

 

 

Horse carts, locally called cidomo, lined up to transport tourists around the town of Mataram, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Horse-drawn carriage, crossing a bridge across a canal in the town of Nyaung Shwe, Myanmar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nicely decorated horses, near Prizren, Kosovo. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Boy, riding a donkey, Birecik, Turkey. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Donkey carts are a common means of transportation in Tibet, here in Shigatse. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This woman and her donkey are on their way towards a lake south of Abalak, Niger, to fetch water. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydøstasien 1975
A huge sack of apples, adorned with red plastic flowers, is loaded onto a donkey to be taken to a market in Kabul, Afghanistan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This mule train is returning without loads from the Upper Kali Gandaki Valley, Annapurna, central Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

The domestication of pigs and chickens is described on the page Animals: Animals as servants of Man.

 

 

A pig, two chickens, and palm leaves, all being transported on one bicycle, western Zaire. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
This man in Suicheng, Guizhou Province, China, has acquired a pig at a market and is now carrying it to his home in a basket. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

In the old days, transportation of people in Asian cities mainly took place in so-called rickshaws, drawn by running men, in India called rickshaw wallahs. Later, their role was taken over by three-wheeled bicycles, motorcycles, or scooters, in India called tempo.

 

 

Today, running rickshaw wallahs are a rare sight, but may still occasionally be seen in the city of Kolkata, north-eastern India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Wearing a hat against the winter cold (but no socks), this tired rickshaw driver is napping on his cycle, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Cycle rickshaw drivers, waiting for customers, Sibolga, Sumatra, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Relaxed rickshaw driver, sleeping on his cycle, Delhi, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

This truck in central Myanmar also functions as a bus. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Taiwan is at a very high level, as far as recycling is concerned. Everywhere, various means of transportation carry huge loads of recycling materials: small pick-ups, scooters, motorcycles, and trolleys.

 

 

Taiwan_2018_022
High load on a three-wheeled motorcycle (top), and on a trolley, both from Taichung. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Crammed buses are a very common sight in many countries.

 

 

Indian buses are often filled to their bursting point, as these in Rajasthan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This bus in the village of Bharku, Langtang National Park, Nepal, is also loaded to its bursting point. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

An overloaded bus makes its way along a winding gravel road between Chisopani and Lodia, Ilam, eastern Nepal. The woman in the foreground is carrying a huge load of fodder, which she has collected in the forest. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

On board a crowded bus, these women are bringing large baskets of cucumbers to be sold at a market in the city of Pokhara, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

The domestication of both species of camel is described on the page Animals: Animals as servants of Man. You may also read about my adventures during a camel safari, see Travel episodes – India 2003: Camel safari in the Thar Desert.

 

 

This dromedary, or one-humped camel, is pulling a cart, laden with yarn, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

In many Asian countries, bamboo poles are often used to transport heavy loads, which are divided into bundles of equal weight and tied to the tips of the pole.

 

 

Bali-Lombok 2012
Carrying his load on a thick bamboo stem, this porter is making his way up a steep trail on the Gunung Rinjani Volcano, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Winter mornings in Hanoi, Vietnam, can be quite chilly, hence the warm dress of this female street vendor, on her way out to sell items. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indonesien 1985
This man is carrying numerous baskets, tied to a bamboo pole, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This little boy gets a free ride, acting as counterbalance in one of the baskets on his father’s bamboo carrying pole, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

These men are transporting long bamboo stems on a carrier cycle, Sonpur, Bihar, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

A few places in Ladakh, northern India, and elsewhere, transportation across rivers takes place in cable chairs.

 

 

Nordindien 1982
This tourist is crossing the Zanskar River, Ladakh, in a cable chair. The chair is pulled along the cable by men on the opposite shore. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

The domestication of sheep and goats is described on the page Animals: Animals as servants of Man.

 

 

Island-Færøerne 1999
Transporting sheep on a truck, Aðaldal, northern Iceland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Instead of spending many hours herding his goats along the road to the market, this man is stuffing them into the luggage compartment of a bus, near Baunepat, central Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

This elderly man in the town of Shenghsing, Taiwan, is transporting goods (and his wife) on a mini-tractor. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

The following three pictures show women with a perfect sense of balance.

 

 

Woman, walking along a road near Ngaunderé, Cameroun, balancing a dish on her head. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This little street vendor is selling souvenirs in the central square of the city of Antigua, Guatemala. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Once in a while, this girl would dance along the road, gracefully swaying her hips, and still balancing the large bucket of laundry on her head, Bagan, Myanmar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 
 

 

 

This truck in Kochi, Kerala, South India, has been loaded with an enormous amount of oil drums. Hopefully, they are empty! (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Trolleys, or pushcarts, are a very common means of transportation in many Asian countries.

 

 

Trolley in Hanoi, Vietnam, loaded with clothes. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Street vendors with trolleys, laden with peanuts and oranges, at a bus station in Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

This pushcart in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India, is functioning as a peculiar type of ‘school bus’. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

This petrol truck is stuck on a muddy road between Namtumbo and Tunduru, southern Tanzania. The driver is removing mud from under the truck. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

In many Asian countries, scooter or motorcycle taxis are a common means of transportation.

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Tiny motorcycle taxis ply the streets of Weining, Guizhou Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

While waiting for his customers to return from a visit to Angkor Thom, Cambodia, the driver of this tuk-tuk, or motorcycle taxi, takes a nap. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Sikhs, who may easily be identified by their immaculately bound turbans, are often employed as motor rickshaws drivers. Sikhism is described in detail on the page Religion: Sikhism.

 

 

This Sikh is working as a scooter rickshaw driver in Delhi, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Three on a moped: Father and twin infant sons, Phuket, Thailand. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

This truck in the town of Cariari, Costa Rica, is decorated with a painting of a wolf, the sun, and a truck, on which the same image is repeated. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Taiwan 2018
Tandem bikes for rent, Taichung Metropolitan Park, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

At high altitudes in the Himalaya, yaks burdened with bulky loads are a very common sight. The Latin name of these beasts, Bos grunniens (‘the grunting ox’), is very descriptive, as they grunt incessantly. The females, called nak, yield excellent milk.

The yak is presented in detail on the page Animals: Animals as servants of Man.

 

 

Yaks and porters, laden with heavy burdens, Khumbu, eastern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Lorries, transporting gravel from a river bed in Aowanda National Forest, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

This parked bicycle, loaded with baskets, is illuminated by the evening sun, Delhi, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

 

Fresh meat, transported on a bicycle, Kathmandu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 
 

 

During the ‘Cherry Blossom Festival’, celebrated in Alishan, central Taiwan, numerous tourist buses are lined up. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

(Uploaded August 2017)

 

(Latest update March 2020)