Shadows

 

 

Kenya 1988-89
Fog, lifting above Lake Michaelson, Mount Kenya. A halo is seen around my shadow. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2018c
Shadows from bamboo and from leaves of a tree are cast on the back side of a sign, Tzi Gong Da Foa Daoist Temple, Linnei, Taiwan. The shadow from the tree leaves resembles a cat, licking its paw. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ladakh 2000
In many areas around the Earth, cone-shaped pillars are formed in moraine clay and gravel, which was deposited during the last Ice Age, when the glaciers began melting away. In dry weather, this mixture is hard as stone, but when it rains, it becomes softer and begins to erode away. However, larger rocks were also deposited by the glaciers, and under such stones the soil is protected from the rain. Over the years, the surrounding soil is eroded away, and beneath the rocks majestic pillars are formed, often rising steeply out of the soil. These structures are called earth pyramids. – In this picture, evening sunshine is illuminating earth pyramids in the Markha Valley, Ladakh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2010
Shadows from ferns create patterns on a leaf of giant taro, or giant elephant’s ear (Alocasia macrorrhizos), Shei-pa National Park, Taiwan. This giant herb, growing to 5 metres tall, is native from Malaysia south through Indonesia to northern Australia, but has been introduced to many other tropical and subtropical areas as an ornamental, food crop, or animal feed. The rhizome is edible when cooked for a long time, but its sap irritates the skin, as it contains needle-like calcium oxalate crystals. (Source: Scott, S. & Craig, T. (2009). Poisonous Plants of Paradise: First Aid and Medical Treatment of Injuries from Hawaii’s Plants. University of Hawaii Press.) In Hawaii, this plant is called ʻape, and they have a saying: ”Ai no i ka ʻape he maneʻo no ka nuku.” (’The eater of ʻape will have an itchy mouth.’), meaning ’There will be consequences for partaking of something bad.’ (Source: Pukui, M.K. (1986). ‘Ōlelo No’eau, Hawaiian Proverbs and Sayings. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu.) The gigantic leaves of this plant are often used as umbrellas. It is listed as an invasive in Cuba, New Zealand, and several Pacific islands. In Taiwan, it is ubiquitous in the lowland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Annapurna 2007
Evening clouds, moving over the Annapurna Mountains, near Muktinath, Mustang, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2018
The shadow from a leaf of breadfruit tree (Artocarpus altilis) is cast on another leaf, Taichung, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Arizona-Utah 2001
The native range of snowball sand verbena (Abronia fragrans) is the American prairie states, from Montana and North Dakota, south to Arizona, Texas, and Chihuahua, northern Mexico. Despite its name, it is not related to the common vervain (Verbena officinalis), but is a member of the four-o’clock family (Nyctaginaceae). This species was first collected by Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859) near the Platte River, Nebraska. He was a British printer, who came to the U.S. in 1808. Shortly after, he met botanist Benjamin Barton (1766-1815), who induced a strong interest in natural history in him. During the following years, until 1841, Nuttall undertook several expeditions in America, and numerous plants and animals are named after him. – This picture of snowball sand verbena in evening light is from Arizona. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1977-78
Ox-cart in evening light, southern Pakistan. – Read more about domestic cattle on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014c
Young couple, walking hand-in-hand, Xiluo, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chile 2011
Dune, consisting of dark volcanic sand, Parque Nacional Valle de la Luna, Chile. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali-Lombok 2012
Early morning at a market place, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Greater plantain (Plantago major) is native to Europe and Temperate Asia, but has been introduced to many parts of the world, often becoming naturalized. When the Europeans emigrated to North America, the sticky seeds of this species often stuck to wagon wheels, thus spreading it, wherever the immigrants went. This was noticed by the indigenous peoples, who called it ‘white man’s footprint’. – This picture shows fruit spikes of greater plantains, casting shadows in snow, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991
Long morning shadows, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 1967-2004
Early morning on a village road, Lyø, Funen, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
Don’t fall down! – Riding a camel in the Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. Read more about camel safaris on this website, see Travel episodes: India 2003 – Camel safari in the Thar Desert. About camels, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 1999-2005
Marram grass (Ammophila arenaria) is a very hardy grass species, which often grows on dunes, where it is able to survive being repeatedly blown over by sand, sending new shoots up to the surface. This picture shows marram grass on a sand dune at Dueodde, on the island of Bornholm, Denmark. Mouse tracks are seen in front of the grass. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
Watchtower in the Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe ruins, Zimbabwe. This huge structure was erected between the 11th and the 15th Century A.D. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kina 1987
The sacred, or Indian, lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) is distributed from Iran through the Indian Subcontinent, east to southern China, Taiwan, and Japan, through Southeast Asia, Malaysia, and Indonesia to New Guinea and northern Australia. All parts of this plant are edible, in particular the rhizome and seeds. The rhizome, leaves, and seeds are also widely used in traditional Indian and Oriental medicine for treatment of numerous ailments. The plant is sacred to Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains, who call it ‘padma’. – Read more about this plant on this website, see Traditional medicine: Nelumbo nucifera. About the various Indian religions, see: Religion. – These lotus leaves were photographed in Yangshuo, Guangxi Province, southern China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2011a
The western gull (Larus occidentalis) is a large species, found along the American Pacific Coast, from British Columbia south to Baja California, Mexico. These western gulls are resting on a beach in Jughandle State Park, California. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
Children on a sand dune, casting long evening shadows, Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
The shadow from a carved sandstone ‘window’ creates patterns on a wall in Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi, India. Humayun, whose real name was Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad, was the second emperor of the Moghul Empire, comprising what is today north-western India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Humayun ruled in two periods, 1531-1540 and 1555-1556. He died in 1556, when he fell down the staircase to his library, hitting his head on the rough stone steps. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1987
Early in the morning, kitchen smoke is seeping out of houses in the village of Namche Bazaar, Khumbu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Costa Rica
Formerly, the genus Heliconia, comprising about 200 species, was included in the banana family (Musaceae), but is now forming a family of its own, Heliconiaceae. Popular names of this genus include lobster-claw, toucan beak, wild plantain, and false bird-of-paradise. These plants are found mainly in Central and South America, with a few species in some Pacific Islands and Indonesia. – This shadow on a leaf of Heliconia latispatha, growing on Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica, resembles a snail. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
During the great annual Sonpur Mela (fair), which takes place in Bihar, India, this cart, drawn by zebu oxen, is casting long morning shadows. – Read more about the zebu ox on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2012
Swollen fingergrass (Chloris barbata) is a native of Tropical Africa, but has been accidentally introduced to many other parts of the world. In Taiwan, where this one was photographed, growing at a house wall, the species is extremely common. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Everest 2010
The shadow of a jagged mountain chain is reflected on clouds, Khumbu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 2010-15
One of the wings of an old Dutch type windmill, Langeland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island 1989-91
Hilly grassland, near Ljosavatn, northern Iceland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
Woman, walking her dog on a sandy beach, Mendocino, California, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1977-90
Grass-clad dunes on the island of Langli, Wadden Sea, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali-Lombok 2012
Withering banana leaf, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991
Nordindien 1991
The delightful city of Udaipur, southern Rajasthan, India, is situated around the gorgeous Pichola Lake. In the lower picture, a woman is bringing a basket of laundry to the lake side. – Read more about Udaipur elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: India 1991 – Attending Hindu festivals in Rajasthan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydafrika-Namibia 1993
In the intense midday heat in the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, South Africa, this Cape ground-squirrel (Xerus inauris) is using its tail to provide shadow on its body. Incidentally, the scientific family name of squirrels, Sciuridae, is derived from Sciurus, the name given in 1758 to the Eurasian red squirrel by Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778), also called Carolus Linnaeus. Sciurus is a Latinized form of the Greek word skiouros, meaning ‘shadow-tailed’, from skia = shadow, and oura = tail. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
The stem of this rosebay willow-herb (Chamerion angustifolium) is covered in rime, bending it to the ground. This species is a colonizer of disturbed areas, readily invading forests clearings and abandoned fields. An excellent example of its ability to completely take over newly abandoned fields can be studied on this website, see Vorsø on my mind: Expanding wilderness. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ladakh 2000
Chortens are the Tibetan variety of Buddhist stupas, whose various parts symbolize the elements, the base representing soil, the dome water, the rings or squares above the dome fire, the half-moon air, and the uppermost point – sometimes a small sun – space. Early in the morning, this chorten stands out against the barren hills surrounding Tso Kar, a saline lake in Ladakh, India. – Read more about chortens – and about Buddhism in general – on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2012a
Shadows from persimmons (Diospyros kaki), drying on scaffolds, Xinpu, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2012
Dead Atlantic horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus), Reeds Beach, Cape May, New Jersey, United States. – Read more about horseshoe crabs elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Horseshoe crabs – living fossils in peril. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island-Færøerne 1999
Shadow inside the crater of Hverfell, near Lake Mývatn, northern Iceland – one of the largest explosion craters in the world, with a diameter of about 1,000 metres, and about 140 metres deep. Its age is estimated at about 3,000 years. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 2006-11
Shadow from a fence, cast on a tombstone, Zealand, Denmark. The plant in the foreground is a cotoneaster. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ladakh 2009
Jagged mountains in the Shila River Valley, Ladakh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sverige 2015
Ales Stenar, a monument from the Bronze Age at Kåseberga, Skåne, Sweden, comprising c. 60 megaliths, erected to form a huge ‘ship’, c. 80 metres long and 20 metres wide. – More pictures of megaliths are found on this website, see Culture: Megaliths. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2010
Shadows from ferns create patterns on leaves of Taiwan banana (Musa formosana), Malabang National Forest, Taiwan. This species is endemic in Taiwan, growing on slopes from near sea level to c. 1,000 metres altitude. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 2016-20
Bird nesting box on a wall, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
Morning light, grazing cattle, and oak trees, near Los Alamos, California, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009-2
Boys, passing through cooking smoke, seeping out of houses in the village of Chame, Annapurna, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 2008a
Drift wood, casting a long evening shadow on a sandy beach, Bornholm, Denmark. The shadow resembles some long-legged animal with a long, thin tail. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 2000-05
Crosses on graves, casting long shadows, Jelling Church, Jutland, Denmark. In the background the famous Jelling Stones, runic stones from c. 965 A.D. The larger stone was erected by King Harald ‘Bluetooth’ to commemorate his parents, King Gorm and Queen Thyra. On one side of the stone is a carving of Christ – the oldest Norse image of Christ – and on the other an animal, entwined by a serpent. The text translates as follows: ‘King Harald ordered these runes carved to commemorate Gorm, his father, and Thyra, his mother – that very Harald who conquered all of Denmark and Norway, and made the Danes Christians’. – The smaller stone, which was erected by King Gorm, says: ‘King Gorm made these runes to commemorate Thyre, his wife, Denmark’s pride’. – Today, unfortunately, the stones are behind armoured plastic, partly because they had been subject to vandalism, partly because they were beginning to show signs of erosion from acid rain. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ladakh 2009
Horses, grazing in a high-altitude meadow, Puga Marshes, Ladakh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2012
Shady street in the town of Lugang, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Puerto Rico 2000
Fern leaflets, El Yunque, Puerto Rico. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Himachal Pradesh 2007
Evening light on barren mountains, Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1991-95
Samoyed, watching its own shadow, Jutland, Denmark. – Read more about dogs on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
Green hills near Los Alamos, California, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
Small plant, casting long shadows on a sand dune, Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 2006-11
Soft brome (Bromus hordeaceus) in front of a red fishing shed, Zealand, Denmark. This species is native to Europe and northern Asia, but has been introduced to many other parts of the world. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ladakh 2000
Barren slopes in the Markha Valley, Ladakh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sverige 2015
Gate and late afternoon shadow, Eriksberg Stränder Nature Reserve, Blekinge, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydafrika 2003
The jackass penguin (Spheniscus demersus), which is named after its donkey-like braying, is confined to coasts of South Africa and Namibia. This species has been declining drastically since 1800, where the population was estimated at 4 million. Today, there are less than 50,000 – a result of excessive fishing as well as climate change. (Source: seaturtles.org). – These penguins are returning from the sea to their breeding colony at Boulders, Simonstown, Cape Town. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydafrika-Namibia 1993
Sydafrika-Namibia 1993
Sydafrika-Namibia 1993
Late afternoon light on reddish sand dunes, Sossusvlei, Namib Desert, Namibia. – Read more about the Namib Desert, and other places in Namibia, on this website, see Countries and places: Namibia – a desert country. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1985-86
This woman in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India, is milking her zebu cow. The calf is waiting for its share. – Read more about the zebu ox on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2011
This shadow on a leaf of the parasol leaf tree (Macaranga tanarius) resembles a slanted-eyed cat. This tree, which is also called heart leaf or nasturtium tree, belongs to the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It is a native of eastern China, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, and eastern Australia. It is very common in Taiwan, where this picture was taken. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1982
Ruined chortens (Tibetan style Buddhist stupas), near Leh, Ladakh, India. – Read more about chortens – and about Buddhism in general – on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017
Red frangipani (Plumeria rubra), also called temple plant, is native to Mexico, Central America, and northernmost South America, but has been introduced to almost all tropical and subtropical countries as an ornamental. It is often planted near temples, as this one, casting shadows on a wall in the park, surrounding the Confucius temple in Tainan, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 1998-99
Eroded rocks in morning light, Badlands National Park, South Dakota, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 1967-2004
Rusted chain on a house wall, Lyø, Funen, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2010
Fern leaf, casting shadow on a leaf of fragrant taro (Alocasia odora), Malabang National Forest, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013a
Creosote (Larrea tridentata), a plant of the Mohave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of North America, is very hardy. These bushes in Death Valley National Park, California, are growing in pure sand on the Mesquite Dunes. Incidentally, the oldest living organism in the world is thought to be a creosote clone in the Mohave Desert, estimated to be c. 9,400 years old. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Lahaul-Ladakh 2014
Evening light on barren rocks, near Pang, Ladakh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Ice sculpture, formed around a stone in shallow water, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. More pictures of ice sculptures may be seen on this website, see Nature: Snow and ice. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
At dawn, this man is leading his horse to the Sonpur Mela, an annual fair, which takes place in Bihar, India. – Read more about horses on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 2006-11
Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) – in America also called ‘Creeping Jenny’ – is a Eurasian species, which twines around other plants to compete for sunlight and nutrients. In this picture from Zealand, Denmark, the shadow from leaves of a field bindweed is cast on a leaf of garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus), resembling two pairs of Disney’s ’Aristocats’. – Read more about field bindweed and other members of the morning-glory family on this website, see Plants: The morning-glory family. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Zimbabwe-Kenya 1994
The Victoria Falls Bridge, near Victoria Falls, spans the Zambezi River, which constitutes the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia. The shadow of this bridge is reflected on rocks along the river gorge. – More pictures of bridges are found on this website, see Culture: Bridges. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded October 2017)

 

(Revised continuously)