Music

 

 

Taiwan 2014
One of the earliest instruments was the drum – originally probably a hollow tree trunk, beaten with a stick. – Drumming is attractive to almost all people, appealing to our deepest instincts. This Taiwanese child clearly enjoys drumming. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kanariske Øer 2006
Drummers, participating in a carnival, Los Christianos, Tenerife, Canary Islands. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014
Taiwan 2014
Taiwan 2014
Taiwan 2014
Chio-Tian Folk Drums & Arts Troupe performing, Taichung, Taiwan. Their faces are decorated, depicting devils, or Bajiajiang. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sverige 2015
Bronze Age carving on a stone slab, depicting people, blowing on lurs, Kivik Royal Tomb, Skåne, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2016a
Alperne 2016a
Orchestras from various villages, gathered at a music festival in the village of Prägraten, Virgen Valley, Tirol, Austria. Most members are clad in traditional dress. Note the white feathers in some of the hats, which are meant to create an illusion of chamois feathers – a tuft of hairs from the back of the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), which Alpine hunters in former days would attach to their Tyrolian hat. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Malaysia 1984-85
Drummers, Kota Bharu, Malaysia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Skandinavien 2001-14
Musicians, playing classical music in the street, Stockholm, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali 2009
These musicians, playing tablas and cymbals, participate in a procession, bringing offerings to a Hindu temple, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2000-01
USA 2000-01
At Fort Ticonderoga, Lake Champlain, New York State, volunteers perform as English troops, marching into battle, re-enacting a scene from the American Revolution (top). This boy performs as a flutist, marching with revolutionary troops (bottom). (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1991
During a Buddhist initiation ceremony in a Tibetan monastery near the Bodhnath Stupa, Kathmandu, Nepal, monks blow on huge horns. – Read more about the Bodhnath Stupa – and about Buddhism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 1999-2005
Mural in Povls Church, Bornholm, Denmark, depicting serious sins, such as playing music, dancing, and playing games – at least according to certain puritanical Christian sects. – Read more about Christianity on this website, see Religion: Christianity. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
These men in the city of Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, India, celebrate the Hindu festival Dassera, or Durga Puja, by blowing on huge brass horns. – Read more about Hindu festivals elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: India 1991 – Attending Hindu festivals in Rajasthan. – About Hinduism in general, see Religion: Hinduism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Afrika 1980-81
This man from Zaire is playing on a mbira (also called kalimba or thumb piano), a musical instrument, consisting of a wooden board, fitted with a resonator. On the board are attached metal tines of uneven length, and you play by holding the instrument in both hands and plucking at the tines with your thumbs. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 2005-09
Klokkestenen (‘The Bell Stone’), a dolmen from the Stone Age (c. 3000 B.C.), Lyø, Funen, Denmark. The small depressions are made over time by thousands of people, hitting the stone with a small rock, hereby producing a bell-like sound. – Read more about megalithic structures on this website, see Culture: Megaliths. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1991a
Celebrating The Buddha’s birthday at the Bodhnath Stupa, Kathmandu, Nepal, these monks play on flutes, made from human femurs. – Read more about the Bodhnath Stupa – and about Buddhism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2015
Taiwan 2015
During a Daoist festival, dedicated to the god of medicine, Bao Shang, old men are playing on clarinet-like instruments (top), while women are beating a huge drum (bottom), Longde Temple (‘Dragon Virtue’), Fenyuan, western Taiwan. – Read more about Daoism on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Zimbabwe-Kenya 1994
Street performing blind musician and his assistant, of the Shona tribe, Harare, Zimbabwe. While playing a guitar, the man is moving the puppet with his toes, making it ‘dance’ in time with the music. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1985
Wedding procession with army musicians, Kathmandu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Egypten 1999
In Ancient Egypt, the god Bes was the defender of good and the enemy of evil. In this relief in the temple of Hathor, Philae, Aswan, he is depicted, playing a harp. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
Sidis (Indians of African descent), playing drums and a string instrument, called malunga, Zainabad, Gujarat, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017
During a Daoist festival, a lion dance, accompanied by drums, is performed in front of a shop in Taichung, Taiwan. Such ceremonies are said to bring good luck. – Read more about Daoism on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Skandinavien 2001-14
Woman, playing an old hurdy-gurdy-like Swedish instrument, called nyckelharpa, Himmelsberga Museum, Öland, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991
A wandering musician and his son enjoy a break outside the Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. The musician has only one leg – the artificial one is seen to the right. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1972-73
Wandering minstrels, playing a tabla and a local string instrument, Luristan, Iran. (Photo Arne Koch Christoffersen, copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Iban tribal, playing a string instrument, called sapé, Sungei Kakus, Sarawak, Borneo. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991
White marble column with a carving, depicting tabla players, Vimal Vasahi Jain temple, Dilwara, Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India. – Read more about this marvelous temple – and about Jainism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Jainism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guatemala 1998
Catholic procession in the town of Antigua, Guatemala, in honour of Santa Clara (St. Clare of Assisi (1194-1253), one of the first followers of St. Francis). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sri Lanka 1974-75
This boy in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka, makes a living as a snake charmer, playing his flute to make a cobra (Naja naja) ‘dance’. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2006-07
In certain Taiwanese fishing societies, like here in Jiading, Kaoshiung, people still celebrate the Daoist Boat Burning Festival, during which a complete wooden boat is built, then burned as an offering to the god of diseases, Wang-yeh, hoping that he will spare the people of the plague and other dreadful diseases. In former times, the burning boat was pushed out to sea, ceremonially carrying the diseases away, but this practice has now been abandoned, and the boat is burned on land. In this picture, musicians march in front of the boat, prior to the burning. – Read more about the Boat Burning Festival – and about Daoism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
During the annual Sonpur Fair in Bihar, India, these men are playing on tablas. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2016
Young street performer, Old Portland, Maine, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2009
Musicians, made from joined pieces of painted wood, Shenghsing, Taiwan. – More pictures of similar handicrafts are found on this website, see Culture: Folk art. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98
Mali tribal, playing a flute, Odisha (Orissa), India. – More pictures of Indian tribals are found on this website, see Gallery: People – Tribals of India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
Cave paintings, made by San people (Bushmen), depicting dancing people and a man, playing a flute, McIlwaine Game Park, Zimbabwe. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017b
U-Theatre, performing the ‘Sword of Wisdom’ – combined drumming and dancing with sticks, Taichung, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 1994
Drummer, performing at a camel festival, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indonesien 1985
Balinese wood carving, depicting a bamboo flute player. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1991-95
Moving a piano into a house, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 2000-01
This carving in the Hindu temple Brihadisvara, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, South India, depicts a being, blowing into a bag-pipe. It acts as support for a drainage pipe for rain water – i.e. somewhat similar to the European gargoyle. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ethiopien 1996
During the Orthodox Christian festival of Timkat, celebrated in the town of Lalibela, Ethiopia, this priest is blowing a horn. – Read more about the Timkat festival elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Ethiopia 1996: Timkat – a Christian festival. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2015
During a Daoist parade in Taichung, Taiwan, which celebrates Chinese New Year, this little boy is beating a huge drum. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 1968-2001
A herd of cows, all wearing bells, create music when grazing in a mountain meadow. – Säntis, Sankt Gallen, Switzerland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
This carving, depicting female flutist and tabla players, adorns the Jain temple on top of the Shetrunjaya Hill, near Palitana, Gujarat, India. – Read more about Jainism elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Jainism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2012
Wind-charms, made from bamboo stems, play music in windy weather. This one was seen in Lugu, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tanzania 1990
Wandering minstrel, playing on a string instrument, Litipo Forest, Tanzania. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Batak tribal musicians, playing drums, a clarinet-like instrument, and a gong, Tomok, Samosir Island, Sumatra, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2009
During a Daoist festival, dedicated to the Mother Goddess Mazu, celebrated in the town of Pitou, Taiwan, these men blow on long brass horns. – Read more about Mazu – and about Daoism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali 2009
During a Hindu temple festival in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia, these women are playing on various types of flutes and xylophones. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2015
Large gong, Longde Temple (‘Dragon Virtue’), Fenyuan, western Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA-Canada 1992
Musician from Trinidad, playing on a steel drum, San Francisco, California. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
Muslim musician, playing a tabla, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2015
During a Daoist parade, celebrating Chinese New Year, a vehicle is pulling a long line of drums, Taichung, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1994
During the Hindu festival of Bisket Jatra, celebrated in Bhaktapur, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, this Newar is beating a tabla. Note that the tika mark on his forehead, consisting of mustard oil, mixed with red powder, also contains rice kernels, indicating that an important festival is taking place. His hat, called a topi, is typical of the Newar people. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Filippinerne 1984
Celebrating a wedding, Bontoc tribal women are dancing, while men beat gongs, Sagada, Luzon, Philippines. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Skandinavien 2001-14
Violinists, playing at the Himmelsberga Museum, Öland, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded September 2017)

 

(Revised continuously)