Snow and ice

 

 

ABFyn-8
Icicles from a roof, bent inwards by repeated thawing and freezing, Funen, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
Yaks, grazing in a snow-covered landscape, Jarsang Valley, Annapurna, Nepal. The pointed mountain is Khatung Kang (6,488 m). – Read about the yak on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man – Cattle, banteng and yak. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Norden 1992-98
Coots (Fulica atra), walking on the ice-covered Lake Hornborgasjön, Västergötland, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 1998-99
Frozen pond, surrounded by trees, covered in frozen rain, Cape Elizabeth, Maine, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chukotka 2011
Caterpillar, crossing a stream, bordered by snow walls, Chukotka, Siberia. – Read more about Chukotka on this website, see Travel episodes: Siberia 2011 – Caterpillar trip across Chukotka. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kirgisien 1999
Horse riders in a snow-covered landscape, Arashan Valley, Kyrgyzstan. – Read about horses on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man – Horse, donkey and mule. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
Morning sun, illuminating snow-covered mountains near the Thorung La Pass (5,415 m), Annapurna, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 1968-2001
This sign in the Lammartal Valley, Austria, saying ‘Honey for sale’, was probably placed here in the summertime, but maybe there is still a few jars left? (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 2000-2020
Fruits of great burdock (Arctium lappa), covered in rime, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. – Read more about burdock on this website, see Traditional medicine: Arctium lappa. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1991a
Nepal 1991a
During a hike to Makalu-Barun National Park, eastern Nepal, our porters struggle through snow and fog near the Shipton La Pass (4,216 m) (top). On our way, we met another group of porters, heading the opposite way (bottom). Note that the woman is bare-footed. If she had been one of our porters, we would have bought her a pair of sneakers! – Read more about our hike to Makalu-Barun National Park on this website, see Plants: Plant hunting in the Himalaya – The rhododendron valley. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 2000-2010
Dormant catkins of common hazel (Corylus avellana), covered in rime, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013a
The snow goose (Anser caerulescens) comes in two colour morphs, a snow-white phase, which has given this species its common name, and a bluish-grey phase, referred to as ‘blue goose’, which has given it the specific name caerulescens, meaning ‘bluish’. The snow goose is a bird of the New World, breeding mainly in northern Canada and Alaska, with small populations in Greenland and north-eastern Siberia. It spends the winter along the Pacific coast, from southern British Columbia southwards, and in southern United States and Mexico. – This bird was photographed in Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge, California. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chile 2011a
View from inside an ice cave in the Sierra Nevada, Parque Nacional Conguillio, Chile. The taller trees with white trunks are the national tree of Chile, pehuén (Araucaria araucana), in English called ‘monkey-puzzle tree’. – Read more about Parque Nacional Conguillio on this website, see Travel episodes: Chile 2011 – The white forest. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1991-95
Poplars (Populus), covered in rime, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
During a snowstorm below the Rohtang Pass (3,978 m), Himachal Pradesh, India, this roadside vendor continues roasting corn cobs, while his partner seeks shelter under a huge umbrella. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Costa Rica-2
The snowy egret (Egretta thula) is named after its snow-white plumage. This small heron, which is very similar to the Old World little egret (E. garzetta), is found in South and Central America, and in parts of North America, where some populations are migratory, wintering further south. The name of the genus, Egretta, is from a French word, aigrette, meaning ‘little heron’. In 1782, the specific name, thula, was given to this bird by a mistake by Chilean Jesuit priest and naturalist Juan Ignacio Molina (1740-1829), who didn’t realize that in fact thula was the local Mapuduncun name for the black-necked swan (Cygnus melancoryphus). – This snowy egret was photographed in Tortuguero National Park, Limón, Costa Rica. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 1969-2005
These tombstones in the Jewish cemetery at Nørrebro, Copenhagen, Denmark, are partly covered by snow. – More pictures of tombstones are found on this website, see Culture: Graves. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009-2
Sunrise illuminates the snow-clad peak of Annapurna II (7,937 m), Upper Marsyangdi Valley, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1991-95
Rime-covered fence, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kirgisien 1999
Mountains, snow, and fog, Kaska Su Valley, Kyrgyzstan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
These partly melted pugmarks in the snow, in the Jarsang Khola Valley, Annapurna, Nepal, signify that a snow leopard (Uncia uncia) passed here the previous night. These large and elusive cats live in mountains of Central Asia, but have been hunted to extinction in many areas because of their rich and beautiful fur. In Buddhist areas like Ladakh, Sikkim, and Bhutan, and Khumbu and Dolpo in Nepal, hunting is banned, and in these areas, this rare cat has safe havens, where it can prey on species like bharal (Pseudois nayaur), urial (Ovis vignei), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), and Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chukotka 2011
The snow bunting (Calcarius nivalis, or Plectrophenax nivalis) is aptly named, as it breeds in the High Arctic, spending the winter in snowy fields and coastal meadows further south. Its plumage is also predominantly snow-white. It has a northern circumpolar distribution, with isolated populations in northern Scotland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Previously, this species and the longspurs were placed among the buntings, in the family Emberizidae, but DNA research has shown that they form a distinct clade, now placed in a family of its own, Calcariidae. – This male snow bunting takes off from a rusty pipe, Chukotka, Siberia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 2010-17
Beauty bush (Kolwitzia amabilis), covered in rime, Funen, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2002
The Tibetan snowcock (Tetraogallus tibetanus) is a large gamebird, which is rather common in drier areas of the High Himalaya. These birds are feeding near Tughla, Sagarmatha National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1977-90
Pack ice, pushed ashore, eastern Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Terraced fields, covered in a thin layer of newly fallen snow, Wumeng Shan, Guizhou Province, China. – Read more about this area on this website, see Travel episodes: China 2009 – Among black-necked cranes. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2000-01
Cracked sea ice in evening light, Mill Neck Creek, Long Island, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Snow wall, covering a mountain, near Chhukung, Khumbu, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 2000-2020
Common male fern (Dryopteris filix-mas), covered in snow, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
Eroded gullies in a snow-covered landscape, near Thorung La Pass (5,415 m), Annapurna, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1982
Avalanche, roaring down the Bethartoli Glacier, Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand, India. – Read more about Nanda Devi National Park on this website, see Travel episodes: India 1982 – Pleasures of Nanda Devi. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 1969-2005
Mute swans (Cygnus olor) resting on ice, waiting for milder weather, Roskilde Fjord, Zealand, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island 1989-91
Rime on common mare’s tail (Hippuris vulgaris) in an ice-covered pond, near Akureyri, Iceland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1991a
Large hailstones, Arun Valley, eastern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1988-99
Hips of dog rose (Rosa canina), covered in snow, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1991a
Frozen meltwater lakes and deposited moraine gravel on the Lower Barun Glacier, Makalu-Barun National Park, Nepal. – Read more about Makalu-Barun National Park on this website, see Plants: Plant hunting in the Himalaya – The rhododendron valley. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1977-90
Drying socks, covered in rime, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kirgisien 1999
This lady’s mantle (Alchemilla) has been covered in snow during the night, Kaska Su Valley, Kyrgyzstan. – Read more about lady’s mantle on this website, see Traditional medicine: Alchemilla. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tibet 1987
Snowfinches (Montifringilla) are a small genus of eight high-altitude passerines, mainly distributed in Central Asia, with a single species, the white-winged snowfinch (M. nivalis), found further west, through the Middle East to the Alps and the Pyrenees. Despite their name, snowfinches are not finches, but sparrows, of the family Passeridae. This picture shows a Tibetan, or black-winged, snowfinch (M. adamsi), feeding on seeds, Nagarze, Tibet. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 1998-99
Frozen rain on a paper birch (Betula papyrifera), Freeport, Maine, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
The sun sets in an orgy of red and orange over Horsens Fjord, Denmark, adorning the sea ice with gorgeous patterns. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1994-95
During a hike in the Upper Ghunsa Valley, Kangchendzonga Conservation Area, eastern Nepal, we were camping at Lhonak, waking up to a snow-covered landscape. – Read more about our hike on this website, see Travel episodes: Nepal 1994 – A close call. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Lahaul-Ladakh 2014
Frozen waterfall, Taglang La Pass (5,328 m), Ladakh, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) is one of the first harbingers of spring, often appearing before the winter snow has disappeared. – Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Lolland-Falster-Møn 1987-2010
Lolland-Falster-Møn 1987-2010
During severe winter weather, numerous mute swans (Cygnus olor) are gathered around a hole in the ice cover, Møn, Denmark. Some have already succumbed to cold and starvation, others are dying. The dark spots on the ice are excreta from the birds. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Ice flakes, pushed up along a crack in the sea ice, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA-Canada 1992
The snow plant (Sarcodes sanguinea), which belongs to the heath family (Ericaceae), is a parasite, deriving its nutrients from underground fungi, which live in symbiosis with tree roots. The common name refers to the early flowering of this species, which often appears, when snow is still covering the ground. The specific name sanguinea means ‘blood-red’, which, of course, refers to the striking colour of the plant. It is found in the Cascade Range of Oregon and California, south to northern Baja California in Mexico. – This picture is from the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Uttarakhand 2008
Viburnum grandiflorum is common in temperate forests of the western Himalaya. As its specific name implies, it has large flowers – largest among the eight Himalayan species of this genus. It is also among the few Himalayan trees, which bloom in winter and early spring. – The flowers on this tree were surprised by sudden frost, following snowfall, Dodi Tal, Uttarakhand, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 1968-2001
View over a snow-clad Salzburg, Austria, from the city’s great castle, Hohen Salzburg. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1991-95
Evening sun on grass, covered in rime, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Norden 1967-86
Catkins of goat willow (Salix caprea), covered in ice, caused by freezing rain, Ruda, Kalmar County, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1997
Nepal 1987
As its name implies, the snow pigeon (Columba leuconota) lives in cold regions. This species is very common in higher mountain regions, from Afghanistan east to the Yunnan Province in China, and from the Himalaya north to the Qinghai Province in China. – In winter, snow pigeons gather in large flocks. This flock was photographed in the Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh, India (top). A snow pigeon takes off from a rock, Namche Bazaar, Khumbu, Nepal (bottom). (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2013
Snow-covered mountains around Kyanjin Gompa, Langtang National Park, Nepal. – Read about this area on this website, see Travel episodes: Nepal 2009 – Across a snow-covered pass. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Village, covered in a thin layer of newly fallen snow, Wumeng Shan, Guizhou Province, China. – Read more about this area on this website, see Travel episodes: China 2009 – Among black-necked cranes. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 2005-09
The snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus) was named after its snow-white berries. It is a native of North America, but has been introduced as an ornamental to many other parts of the world. This picture from Funen, Denmark, also shows the tiny pink flowers of this species. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 1967-76
Forest walk with a pram, Jutland, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2008
Snow, falling the previous night, has partly buried these flowers of a primrose species, Primula irregularis, Helambu, Nepal. – Read more about primrose species on this website, see Plants: Primroses. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chukotka 2011
Spring in the Arctic: Meltwater and snow walls along a stream, Chukotka, Siberia. – Read more about Chukotka on this website, see Travel episodes: Siberia 2011 – Caterpillar trip across Chukotka. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Rime-covered needles and flower buds of a species of pine (Pinus), Wumeng Shan, Guizhou Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Wind-made patterns in a compact layer of snow around a coastal stone, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island-Færøerne 1999
This iceberg, partly covered in moraine, is stranded in a glacial lake, Jökulsárlon, beneath Vatnajökul Glacier, southern Iceland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Fruiting common bulrush (Typha latifolia), covered in rime, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA-Canada 1992
Growth of red algae on ice-covered Reflection Lake, Mount Rainier, Washington, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009-1
Below the Laurebina La Pass (4609 m), Gosainkund, central Nepal, my guide, Tanka Bahadur Pantha, enjoys a brief lull in a snow storm. The lake in the background is Surya Kund, one among 54 lakes in this area, which are all sacred to Hindus. In the Hindu pantheon, Surya is the Sun God. – Read more about Hindu gods, and about Hinduism in general, on this website, see Religion: Hinduism. – You can also read more about the Gosainkund area, see Plants: Plant hunting in the Himalaya – Around sacred lakes of Shiva. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kirgisien 1999
Glacier with patterns, created by deposited moraine, Yrdyk Valley, Kyrgyzstan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2009-2
A group of plants of the genus Nymphoides, belonging to the bog-bean family (Menyanthaceae), are called floating hearts, due to their floating, heart-shaped leaves. One species, N. indica, is named Indian snowflake after its fringed flowers, which resemble snowflakes. This picture is from Lake Phewa Tal, Pokhara, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 2000-2020
Leaves of dewberry (Rubus caesius), covered in rime, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2016
Snow, falling on poplar trees (Populus), Massachusetts, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Female porters, passing in front of the snow-clad peaks of Ama Dablam (6,856 m), Sagarmatha National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. This peak is sacred to the local Sherpa people. – Read more about Sagarmatha National Park on this website, see Travel episodes: India & Nepal 1978 – Journey towards Everest. (Photo John Burke, copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2016
Tourists, visiting the glacier beneath Grossglockner, at 3,798 metres the highest mountain in Austria. During the last fifty years, this glacier has been melting at an alarming speed. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2002
Tibet 1987
The base of this chorten (Tibetan style Buddhist stupa) at Tharke Ghyang, Helambu, Nepal, is adorned with reliefs, depicting snow lions (top). This mythical creature of Central Asia ranges over mountains and glaciers, symbolizing strength, fearlessness, and joy. The lower picture shows a wall painting, depicting a snow lion, in the Jokhang Temple, Lhasa, Tibet. – Read more about the Jokhang Temple, and about Tibet in general, on this website, see Travel episodes: Tibet 1987 – Tibetan summer. You may also read more about chortens, and about Buddhism in general, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Rhododendron flowers, covered in rime, Wumeng Shan, Guizhou Province, China. – Read more about rhododendron species on this website, see Plants: Rhododendrons. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island 1989-91
Snow-covered mountains in morning sun, Isafjördur, northern Iceland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1982
Queen of Spain fritillary (Issoria issaea), sitting on newly fallen snow, Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 1998-99
USA 1998-99
Branches, covered in frozen rain, shining like silver under a Full Moon, Portland, Maine, United States. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Uttarakhand 2008
This flower of a primrose species, Primula sessilis, is partly covered in frozen snow, which fell the previous night, Dodi Tal, Uttarakhand, India. – Read more about primrose species on this website, see Plants: Primroses. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
Vorsø 1975-87
Vorsø 1975-87
During severe winter weather, each falling tide leaves a thin layer of frozen water on emerging stones in Horsens Fjord, Denmark. The following rising tide will push this layer outwards, leaving a new thin layer of ice inside the previous layer. In this way, several rising and falling tides create a ’flower’ with delicate ice petals. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2008
Dwarf bamboo, partly covered in newly fallen snow, Langtang National Park, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

YFyn-10
Thawing snow from a roof has frozen on a cotoneaster, Funen, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island-Færøerne 1999
Eiders (Somateria mollissima) in Jökulsárlon, a glacial lake with melting icebergs, which have broken off the Vatnajökul Glacier, southern Iceland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2013
Morning light on the snow-clad face of Langtang Lirung (7,245 m), the highest mountain in Langtang National Park, Nepal. – Read about this area on this website, see Travel episodes: Nepal 2009 – Across a snow-covered pass. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2016a
Alperne 2016a
Snowbells, of the genus Soldanella, comprising about 15 species, are found in montane areas of southern Europe, from the Pyrenees east to the Balkans. The common name snowbell refers to the early flowering of these plants, which often appear in depressions, shortly after the snow has melted. The generic name Soldanella is a diminutive of the Italian word soldo (‘coin’), thus ‘little coins’, referring to the leaf shape of most species of this genus. – These pictures show an abundance of dwarf snowbell (Soldanella pusilla), growing in a depression near Hochtor, Grossglockner, Austria. – A picture of a similar species, the alpine snowbell (S. alpina), is found elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Asia & Europe 1975 – Long journey home. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2008
Branches of a Himalayan silver fir (Abies spectabilis), covered in newly fallen snow, Langtang National Park, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Vorsø 1975-87
The stem of this rosebay willow-herb (Chamerion angustifolium) is covered in rime, bending it to the ground. This species is a colonizer of disturbed areas, readily invading forests clearings and abandoned fields. An excellent example of its ability to completely take over newly abandoned fields can be studied on this website, see Vorsø on my mind: Expanding wilderness. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 1998-99
This snowman partly melted in the sunshine, causing it to tilt. However, during the night it froze again, assuming an unusual position. – Portland, Maine, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded October 2017)

 

(Revised continuously)