Lamps and lights

 

 

Taiwan 2008
Taiwan 2008
Taiwan 2006-07
Taiwan 2008
A very common feature in Taiwanese Daoist temples is traditional paper lanterns, most of which are bright red. Paper lanterns in a temple in Fengyuan (upper two pictures), and in the Sansia ‘Bird Temple’ (third from above). In the bottom picture, from Ershuei, a dragon is seen on the temple building in the background. In Chinese mythology, the dragon is a symbol of power, strength, and good luck. Read more about Daoism elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 2008a
Bornholm 1977-96
The highest lighthouse in Scandinavia is situated at Dueodde, the southern tip of the island Bornholm, in the Baltic Sea. This lighthouse is 47 metres tall, built 1960-1962. The foundations of this building rests on 19 concrete pillars, reaching a depth of 14 metres. It has a 1000-watt lamp, the light of which is amplified 200 times by a French lens from 1886 with a rotating set of prisms, reused from an older lighthouse. This older lighthouse, erected in 1880, was 38 metres high, situated inland, so that its foundations could rest on solid granite. It was supplemented with a smaller, only 15 metres tall lighthouse further south. This southern lighthouse soon became inadequate due to an upgrowing pine forest, seen in the lower picture, with the shadow from the new lighthouse. In 1936, the remaining unvegetated dunes were protected, the largest of which is still moving 3 to 4 metres a year. One of these migrating dunes is seen in the upper picture, with a tuft of marram grass (Ammophila arenaria). Two jet planes are passing behind the tower. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2018c
Modern unit, installed in an old-fashioned lamp outside the Tzi Gong Da Foa Daoist Temple, Linnei, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bodhnath oil lamps_resize
At the huge Bodhnath Stupa, Kathmandu, Nepal, this woman is celebrating the Buddha’s birthday by igniting numerous mustard oil lamps. – Read more about the Bodhnath Stupa – and about Buddhism in general – on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2016
USA 2016
Portland Head Lighthouse, popularly called Cape Elizabeth Lighthouse, is situated on a promontory at the entrance to Portland Harbour, Casco Bay, Maine, United States. This lighthouse station was first established in 1828, although the present buildings are from 1874-1886. The lights in the 20.4-metre-tall tower were automated in 1963. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2003-05
Taiwan 2003-05
Taiwan 2003-05
Taiwan 2003-05
Taiwan 2003-05
During the Taiwanese Tainan Lantern Festival, celebrated during Chinese New Year 2005 (Year of the Rooster), these gigantic paper lanterns depict a rooster, a tiger, a weight-lifting hippopotamus, Disney’s ‘Aristocats’, and penguins. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013b
Old-fashioned street lamps, San Diego, California, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

United Kingdom 1992-2002
The lighthouse on the rocky islet Ynys Lawd (South Stack), off Ynys Gybi (Holy Island), west of the island of Ynys Môn (Anglesey), north-western Wales, was built in 1808-1809 to warn ships of the dangerous rocks below. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017a
This lamp in a Daoist temple in Beigang, Taiwan, dedicated to the Mother Goddess Mazu, has been blackened by hundreds of years of incense smoke. – Read more about Mazu – and about Daoism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Taiwan 2014b
Sri Lanka 1974-75
Using artificial light to attract fish at night is widespread in the World. These pictures show three examples. Fishing boats with lamps in the harbor of Kavala, Greece (top), and in Nanya, northern Taiwan (centre). The lower picture shows fish traps in Lake Bolgoda, Sri Lanka, consisting of mats, which are made from split, 1.5-metre-long, thin bamboo stems, tied together with string at the upper and lower ends, and in the middle. These mats are tied to poles, which have been stuck into the lake bottom, forming two rows. The distance between these rows gradually decreases, ending in a fish trap. During the day, fish are attracted by fodder, at night by kerosene lamps, tied to the poles. – Read more about Lake Bolgoda elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Sri Lanka 1976 – Among alcohol brewers. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2002-10
Manhattan, New York City, by night, seen from Brooklyn Bridge. – To commemorate the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, which were destroyed during a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, two blue laser beams are cast into the air, six months later, on the original location of the towers. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 2008
The old lighthouse on Hammerknuden, northern Bornholm, Denmark, was constructed in 1872. Unfortunately, it was hidden in fog and clouds so often that a new lighthouse had to be erected already in 1895. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017b
While watching a theatre performance, spectators wave coloured light bulbs, Taichung, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2011a
Point Reyes Lighthouse, California, is situated at the windiest and foggiest place on the entire Pacific Coast. It is frequently blanketed by week-long periods of fog, and almost every year, the area sees violent gales of 120 to 160 kilometres per hour. The lighthouse was constructed in 1870, but did not have electricity until 1938. It was automated in 1975. The plant in the foreground is Hottentot fig (Carpobrotis edulis), an invasive plant from South Africa. Read more about this species on this website, see Nature: Invasive species. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Fyn 2005-09
Fyn 2005-09
Species of mullein (Verbascum) are known by other names, such as torches, Our Lady’s candle, and candlewick plant, referring to their former use as torches. In the old days, the long spikes were dried and dipped in tallow to make torches. When dry, the down on leaves and stem makes excellent tinder, and before the introduction of cotton it was used for lamp wicks, hence the popular name candlewick plant. According to legend, witches used lamps and candles with mullein wicks, giving rise to the name hag’s taper, although ‘hag’ may be derived from Anglo-Saxon haege or hage (‘hedge’), perhaps implying that the long spike resembled a tall candle, growing in the hedge – hence the name Our Lady’s candle. In his book, A niewe Herball (1578), English botanist and antiquary Henry Lyte (1529?-1607) tells us that the “whole toppe, with its pleasant yellow floures, sheweth like to a wax candle or taper, cunningly wrought.” Another herbalist, John Parkinson (1567-1650), says: “Verbascum is called of the Latines candela regia, and candelaria, because the elder age used the stalks dipped in suet to burne, whether at funeralls or otherwise.” – These pictures show flowering spikes of dense-flowered mullein (Verbascum densiflorum), photographed on the island of Funen, Denmark. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2015
Taiwan 2015
Celebrating Chinese New Year 2015 in the town of Xiluo, Taiwan. Shortly before midnight, hundreds of people carry torches, consisting of green bamboo sticks with rolls of burning paper inside, from the Fushing Temple through the streets of the town, hereby scaring away evil spirits. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2011a
Coquille River Lighthouse, near the town of Bandon, Oregon, United States, dates back to 1896. This lighthouse, originally named Bandon Lighthouse, was constructed to guide ships past dangerous, shifting sandbars at the mouth of the Coquille River to the harbour in Bandon. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Street lamps, Weining, Guizhou Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2015
Taiwan 2015
Taiwan 2006
Celebrating Chinese New Year 2015 in Xiluo, Taiwan, paper lanterns, on which well-wishing words are being painted, are released into the air, with a bundle of burning fake money inside. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Skandinavien 2001-14
Sverige 2016-18
Långe Jan (‘Tall John’), 41.6 metres high, is the tallest lighthouse in Sweden, situated on the southern tip of the island Öland. It was built in 1785, probably by Russian prisoners of war, using stones from a former local chapel, Capella Beati Johannis, from which the lighthouse got its name. Originally, the light was an open fire, and in 1845 a lantern was installed to house a rapeseed oil lamp. Electricity was installed in 1948. In the upper picture, cattle, sheep, and barnacle geese (Branta leucopsis) are grazing on the meadows. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Irland 1987-99
Street lamp on a bridge, spanning the Liffey River, Dublin, Ireland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2016
Temple guardian and paper lanterns in the Fushing Temple, Xiluo, Taiwan, dedicated to the Daoist Mother Goddess Mazu. Such paper lanterns adorn most Daoist temples. – Read more about Mazu – and about Daoism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chile 2011a
Chile 2011a
Roman Catholics, burning candles at a shrine for Virgin Mary, Cartagena, Chile. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2011a
A dilapidated bridge (which may not be used by the public) leads out to Cape Arago Lighthouse, situated on a rocky islet near Sunset Point State Park, Oregon, United States. This lighthouse, which was constructed in 1934, is no longer operated, and the islet has been returned to the Coquille native tribe. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2003-05
During the Tainan Lantern Festival, Taiwan, paper lanterns are swaying in the wind. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Costa Rica-2
Black vulture (Coragyps atratus), pecking at a street lamp, Limón, Costa Rica. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Egypten 1999
Evening illumination on a tree, Luxor, Egypt. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Myanmar 2007
At the giant Buddhist Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, Myanmar, red candles are burned to honour The Buddha. Read more about the Shwedagon Pagoda – and about Buddhism in general – on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 2000-05
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse, 23 metres tall, was constructed in 1899 on the highest spot in the area, c. 200 metres inland from a 60-metre-high cliff, Rubjerg Knude, northern Jutland, Denmark. Gradually, wind and sea eroded away the cliff, and not many years passed, before serious problems with sand drift arose. The caretaker’s garden was covered by sand, and dunes, which were created on top of the cliff, grew higher, which meant that the light from the tower was very difficult to spot from the sea, and the fog horn could not be heard. An attempt was made to plant bushes and grasses on the dunes, but the forces of nature proved too strong, and the lighthouse operation ceased in 1968. A sand drift museum was established in the lighthouse buildings, but gradually they were engulfed by sand, and the museum had to close. Lately, a new staircase has been built inside the tower, giving the public access to the upper platform. Simultaneously, a huge prism was placed there, casting light into the tower, instead of out to sea. However, it won’t be many years, before the tower has to be closed again, as the lighthouse today is only a few metres from the cliff’s edge, and it has been predicted that it will slide into the sea before 2030. (Source: loenstrup.dk/toppenafdanmark/rubjerg-knude). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2010
Lamp, carved out of a gourd, with a tiny Buddha inside, Dongshih, Taiwan. The text translates as ‘The Buddha’s light is blessing the World’. – Read more about The Buddha – and about Buddhism in general – on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Malaysia 1984-85
Burning oil lamps in the Kuan Yin Teng Daoist temple, Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia. – Read more about Daoism elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

United Kingdom 1992-2002
The lighthouse on the islet of Eilean Musdile (in English Mansedale), near the island of Lismore, Inner Hebrides, Scotland, was built in 1833 to guide traffic in the Sound of Mull and Loch Linnhe. In 1910, most lights in British lighthouses were changed to dioptric lenses, but this was not the case with Eilean Musdile Lighthouse, which has a fixed white light. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2003-05
During the Tainan Lantern Festival, Taiwan, paper lanterns have been placed along a bridge. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydafrika 2003
In 1859, a lighthouse was built on the highest rock on Cape Point, near Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, 238 metres above sea level. However, as it turned out, the highest point was not the best point, as fog tended to concentrate at higher, rather than lower levels, and, secondly, the light from the lighthouse was often spotted too early by ships, causing them to approach too closely. In 1911, Lusitania, a Portuguese liner, sank after hitting Bellows Rock, a treacherous submerged reef 3 kilometres south of Cape Point. This event prompted the construction of a new lighthouse, which was completed in 1919, 87 metres above sea level. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Varanasi 2008
Varanasi 2008
Aarthi, a Hindu ceremony held at sunrise (top), and after sunset (bottom), in Varanasi, India, during which the sacred Ganga River (Ganges) is worshipped by swinging a thurible with burning incense. – Read more about Hinduism on this website, see Religion: Hinduism. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 2017a
Jylland 2017a
Hirsholmene is a group of islets, situated c. 6 kilometres north-east of Frederikshavn, northern Jutland, Denmark. A 27-metre-tall lighthouse was built of local granite in 1886-1887 on the highest spot on the islets, 6-metre-high Ørnebjerg (‘Eagle Mountain’), situated on the main isle Hirsholm – the only inhabited island in the group. The birds on the roof are common gulls (Larus canus). (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2003-05
In a Daoist temple in Dajia, Taiwan, the Chinese zodiac animals have been depicted on paper lamps. – Read more about Daoism elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
Morning light illuminates Pigeon Point Lighthouse, south of San Francisco, California, which was constructed in 1871. At 35 metres, it is the tallest lighthouse on the Pacific Coast. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2008
On top of this sculpture in Kathmandu, Nepal, depicting a Hindu goddess, oil is burned as an offering. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou 2009
Paper lamps with drawings, depicting dragons, Guizhou Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 2000-05
Sletterhage Lighthouse, on the narrow isthmus Helgenæs, eastern Jutland, Denmark, was built in 1894 to guide ships to and from the port of Aarhus, the second-largest city in the country, via a narrow channel close to the isthmus. Today 7,000-8,000 ships pass the lighthouse every year. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2003-05
Elaborate paper lanterns, adorning a Daoist temple in Dajia, Taiwan. – Read more about Daoism elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 2012-16
Crystal chandelier, dating from the 1700s, Selsø Castle, Zealand, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2010
Lamp, carved out of a gourd, Dongshih, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2017a
Street lamp in the village of Saint Rhémy, Aosta Valley, Italy, adorned with a figure, depicting a wanderer. Note the crescent moon in the background. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2016
Taiwan 2014c
Paper lanterns in the Fushing Temple, Xiluo, Taiwan, dedicated to the Daoist Mother Goddess Mazu. – Read more about Mazu – and about Daoism in general – elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2000
During the Hindu festival of Janai Purnima, thousands of pilgrims crowd around Muktinath, a very important Vishnu temple in the Mustang District, central Nepal. This pilgrim is busy igniting mustard oil lamps. – Read more about Muktinath, and about Hinduism in general, on this website, see Religion: Hinduism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014d
Daoist temple and numerous paper lanterns, reflected in the windshield of a car, Xiluo, Taiwan. – Read more about Daoism elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Daoism in Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Varanasi 2008
Varanasi 2008
Varanasi 2008
Hindu women place tiny oil lamps and marigolds on small ‘rafts’, made from leaves, presenting them as an offering to the sacred Ganges River, Varanasi, India. – Read more about Hinduism on this website, see Religion: Hinduism. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017b
Light bulbs, illuminating a backpack from inside. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded October 2017)

 

(Revised continuously)