Fishing

 

 

Cambodia 2009
Fisherman, throwing his net into a pond, Angkor Thom, Cambodia. Domestic ducks are feeding in the foreground. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tyrkiet 2018
Part of a flock of c. 1,500 Yelkouan shearwaters (Puffinus yelkouan) and 1,500-2,000 western yellow-legged gulls (Larus michahellis), feeding on sardines in the Marmara Sea, Istanbul, Turkey. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
In southern Nepal, a huge marsh area is found along the great Kosi River. After a night’s catch in these marshes, fishermen are hanging up their nets to dry in the sun. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2000-01
This double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) in Everglades National Park, Florida, has just caught a fish, grabbing it with its strong beak, which is equipped with a hook. This species, which is divided into five subspecies, is very common in North America, from the Aleutian Islands in the Bering Sea south to northern Mexico, across the continent to eastern Canada, and south to the Bahamas. The generic name is from the Greek, phalakros (‘bald’), and korax (‘raven’), where ‘bald’ refers to the white crown of a related species, P. carbo, during the breeding season. The specific name auritus means ‘eared’ in Latin, which, like the common name double-crested, refers to its twin nuptial crests during the breeding season. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tyrkiet 2018a
Tiny fishing vessel, Mordogan, Karaburun Peninsula, near Izmir, Turkey. Note the faded image of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, birth name Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa (1881-1938), who was the founder of the Republic of Turkey and its first president 1923-1938. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2017b
Oyster farming, Xianxi, north of Lugang, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Goa 2008
Fishermen, rinsing a huge net in the sea, Colva Beach, Goa, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014b
Colourful fishing boats, Fangliao, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1972-73
Fishermen with their catch, consisting of sturgeons, Mian Kaleh, Caspian Sea, Iran. – Read more about the Mian Kaleh sand spit on this website, see Travel episodes: Iran 1973 – Car breakdown at the Caspian Sea. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Pelicans are huge water birds with an enormous bill and a very large gular pouch, which swells tremendously, when the bird is fishing – like some kind of basket. The tongue, however, is quite small, allowing the bird to swallow large fish.

Formerly, the eight extant species, which form a family of their own, Pelecanidae, were divided into two groups, one with four species, having mainly white adult plumage, the great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), the Dalmatian (P. crispus), the American white (P. erythrorhynchos), and the Australian (P. conspicillatus), and one, containing the remaining four species, having mainly grey or brown adult plumage, the pink-backed (P. rufescens), the spot-billed (P. philippensis), the brown (P. occidentalis), and the Peruvian (P. thagus).

However, recent DNA research has revealed that the five Old World species (great white, Dalmatian, pink-backed, spot-billed, and Australian) form one lineage, while the American white, the brown, and the Peruvian form another. The great white was the first to diverge from the common ancestor, which suggests that pelicans evolved in the Old World and later spread into the Americas.

Traditionally, pelicans were thought to be related to cormorants, darters, gannets, frigatebirds, and tropicbirds, but genetic research has shown that they form an order, Pelecaniformes, together with the shoebill (Balaeniceps rex), the hamerkop (Scopus umbretta), and herons (for the latter two, see elsewhere on this page).

(Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pelican)

 

 

Kenya 1988-89
While black rain clouds are looming on the horizon, late afternoon sunshine illuminates a group of preening great white pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus), Lake Nakuru, Kenya. The pink mass in the background are lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor). (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Tyrkiet 2018a
Great white pelicans, resting near their breeding colony in Lake Kuş Gölü, north-western Turkey. This species has a very wide distribution, as a breeding bird from south-eastern Europe and most of Africa, eastwards to Kazakhstan and north-western India, and wintering in a much larger area, east to China and Indonesia, and south to Sri Lanka. In this picture, a breeding colony of great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) is also seen. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Tanzania 1990
Preening great white pelicans, Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania. Avocets (Recurvirostra avosetta) and African spoonbills (Platalea alba) are also seen in the picture. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Ethiopien 1996
Great white pelicans, Lake Tana, Ethiopia. The bird to the left is an aberrant form, having a reddish plumage and being much smaller than its companions. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Spot-billed pelicans (Pelecanus philippensis), landing in Lake Tissa Wewa, Sri Lanka. This species is highly threatened, with scattered breeding colonies in India, Sri Lanka, and Cambodia. The specific name philippensis refers to the Philippines, where the species was first collected. It was abundant here until the early 1900s, but became extinct as a breeding bird in the 1960s. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Zambia 1993
The pink-backed pelican (Pelecanus rufescens) is widely distributed in Africa south of the Sahara, and also along the west coast of the Arabian Peninsula. This picture is from the Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia. – Read about this wetland elsewhere on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky, and Travel episodes: Zambia 1993 – Hunting shoebill with camera. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Ethiopien 1996
Pink-backed pelican, sitting in the top of a dead doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), Fuloha Oasis, Ethiopia. This species has a predominantly grey plumage, but the rump is pink, hence its name. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

USA-Canada 1992
Soaring American white pelicans (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos), Buffalo Bill Reservation, Wyoming, United States. As a breeding bird, this species is widely distributed in the western half of the North American Continent, wintering in southern United States, Mexico, and Central America. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

USA-Canada 1992
American white pelicans, Klamath National Wildlife Refuge, California, United States. One bird shows its enormous gular pouch. To the left an immature bird with greyish head. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

USA 2000-01
Brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), resting in a growth of red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), Everglades National Park, Florida, United States. This species is widespread in the Americas, distributed along both coastlines, from Nova Scotia, Canada, south to the mouth of the Amazon River, and from British Columbia, Canada, south to northern Chile and the Galapagos Islands. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Costa Rica
Brown pelicans, resting on a coastal rock, Capo Matapalo, Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Chile 2011
Portrait of a Peruvian pelican (Pelecanus thagus), Parque Nacional Pan de Azucar, Chile. This species lives on the west coast of South America, breeding from Peru south to central Chile. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Chile 2011
These fishermen near La Caleta, Chile, are gutting fish, throwing the intestines to waiting Peruvian pelicans. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1977-78
Madan tribal boys, fishing with a leister in the marshes of southern Iraq. – Read more about this fascinating wetland on this website, see Travel episodes: Iraq 1973 – The hospitable mudir, and Iraq 1973 – Dust storm and sheep’s head. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali 2015
Fish cages, Lake Batur, Bali, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Air-drying is an ancient method of preserving fish, in which the water in the fish evaporates, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and fungi.

 

Norden 1967-86
Fish, drying on a scaffold, Ekkerøy, Varanger Peninsula, Norway. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Europa 1972-2005
Flat fish, drying on a wall, West-Friesland, Holland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Zambia 1993
Fish, drying on mats in a temporary fishing village of the Unga tribe, Bangweulu Swamps, Zambia. – Read more about the Unga people on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Another common method of preserving fish is to smoke them for a prolonged period of time, which also makes the water in them evaporate. The following four pictures are from the Baltic island of Bornholm, Denmark, which in former times held hundreds of smoke houses. Still today, a number of these have been preserved for the tourist industry, as smoked Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) is a local delicacy.

 

Bornholm 2008a
Smoke house in the town of Hasle, with an over-flying jet plane. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Bornholm 2008
Herrings, ready to be smoked. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Bornholm 2008a
The smoking process. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Bornholm 1977-96
Smoked herrings, placed outside the smoke house to dry a bit in the sun, before being sold. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Taiwan 2008
Fishing nets and poles, Tainan, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
Anglers, trying their luck, San Francisco, California, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Fishermen, hauling a huge net ashore, Hambantota, Sri Lanka. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sverige 2015
Bruddesta, Öland, Sweden, in evening light. This abandoned fishing village has been preserved as a museum, including huts, boats, and winches, which were used to haul the boats on land. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA-Canada 1992
This man is catching surf smelt (Hypomesus pretiosus) in the surf, using a net, attached to a pole, Olympic Beach, Olympic National Park, Washington, United States. In the foreground, glaucous-winged gulls (Larus glaucescens) are waiting for tidbits. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Zambia 1993
Fisherman of the Unga tribe, mending his net, Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia. – Read more about the Unga people on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1976-77
This fisherman in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, is emptying his canoe of water, using a buoy, cut in half. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014d
Fishing vessel near Shengang, western Taiwan. Loosely translated, the text on the boat means: ‘Bring in lots of fish, and you will make lots of money’. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Fishing boats with lamps, to lure fish at night, Kavala, Greece. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Filippinerne 1984
Boy, catching fish with a small net in an inundated rice field, Banawe, Luzon, Philippines. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 2000-01
Fishermen, hauling a net into their boat, Lake Ashtamudi. This lake constitutes a part of Kuttanad, or backwaters, a huge wetland in the South Indian state Kerala. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tanzania 1988
Fish trap, made from woven straw, Cape Kilwa, Tanzania. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 1969-2005
Fyn 2005-09
Many gull species have adapted to a life in cities. During the latest 40 years, the herring gull (Larus argentatus) has increased significantly as a breeding bird in European cities, placing its nest on top of high-rise buildings. These two pictures are from Denmark, showing herring gulls feeding on scraps from a fishing vessel in Copenhagen (top), while another one is waiting for tidbits beside a fisherman, who is gutting fish in the harbour of Kerteminde, Funen. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Fisherman, mending his net, Kavala, Greece. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1976-77
This Sinhalese fisherman has caught a spiny lobster in his fish trap, Lake Bolgoda, Sri Lanka. – Read more about Lake Bolgoda elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Sri Lanka 1976 – Among alcohol brewers. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Herons are long-legged and long-beaked, fish-eating waterbirds of the family Ardeidae, comprising about 64 species. Some species are called egrets – mainly birds with ornate plumes during the breeding season – while birds of the genera Botaurus, Ixobrychus, and Zebrilus are called bitterns. Many species have a very wide distribution, e.g. great white egret (Ardea alba), which is found in Europe, Africa, most of Asia, Australia, and the Americas, and grey heron (Ardea cinerea), which is found in Europe, most of Asia, Africa, and Madagascar. The following six pictures show various species of heron.

 

Taiwan 2008
Taiwan 2008
Numerous great white egrets (Ardea alba) and little egrets (Egretta garzetta) on the lookout for fish along a canal in the Cibu Nature Reserve, southern Taiwan. – Read about the little egret elsewhere on this website, see In praise of the colour yellow. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Vorsø 1988-99
This grey heron (Ardea cinerea) is searching for fish in a small pond, Nature Reserve Vorsø, Horsens Fjord, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

USA 2000-01
Tricoloured heron (Egretta tricolor), perched on a dead tree, Everglades National Park, Florida. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

USA 2000-01
Reddish egret (Egretta rufescens), squabbling with a young double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus), J. N. Darling National Wildlife Refuge, Florida. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Tanzania 1990
Striated heron (Butorides striata), looking for fish in a stagnant stream, Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Malaysia 1984-85
These men are fishing in the surf, using a net, which is attached to two poles, tied together at one end. The poles are pushed forward on the sea bottom. – Marang, Malaysia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98
Women, assisting their husbands, hauling a huge net ashore, Puri, Odisha (Orissa), India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014b
Fishing vessel, Wushe Fishing Harbour, north-eastern Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sjælland 1969-2005
Aerial photograph of a huge fish trap, Storebælt, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indonesien 1985
Fishermen, cleaning a net, Padang Bai, Bali, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1972-73
Fisherman, throwing a net into a lake, Haur-al-Hamar, southern Iraq. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

As their name implies, most kingfishers, of the family Alcedinidae, eat fish, although many species live away from water, eating mainly small invertebrates. Kingfishers have large heads, long, sharp, pointed bills, and very short legs. Altogether, 114 species have been described, divided into three subfamilies: river kingfishers (Alcedininae), tree kingfishers (Halcyoninae), and water kingfishers (Cerylinae).

 

Zimbabwe-Kenya 1994
The tiny malachite kingfisher (Corythornis cristatus), which belongs to the subfamily river kingfishers (Alcedininae), is named after its greenish forehead, reminiscent of the colour of the mineral malachite. It is widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa. This picture is from Lake Naivasha, Kenya. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nordindien 1997
The white-breasted, or white-throated, kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis), which belongs to the subfamily tree kingfishers (Halcyoninae), is widely distributed in Asia, from Turkey east to the Philippines. Its specific name refers to the Ancient Greek city of Smyrna, now called Izmir, in what is today Turkey. Initially, Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778), also known as Carolus Linnaeus, named the bird Alcedo smyrnensis, citing Eleazar Albin’s ‘Natural History of Birds’, from 1738, which included a description and an illustration of the ‘Smirna kingfisher’. (Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-throated_kingfisher). – The bird in this picture was photographed at Dal Lake, Kashmir, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Asien 1972-73
Nordindien 1997
The pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) belongs to the third subfamily, the water kingfishers (Cerylinae). This species also has a very wide distribution, found in sub-Saharan Africa and Egypt, and in Asia, from Turkey eastwards to south-eastern China, and south to Southeast Asia and South India. The upper picture is from the great marshes of southern Iraq, between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris, where the pied kingfisher is extremely common. I once counted 105 birds, gathered on electric wires along the road between the towns of Chibayish and Hamar. – More about this fascinating wetland is found on this website, see Travel episodes: Iraq 1973 – The hospitable mudir, and Iraq 1973 – Dust storm and sheep’s head. – The lower picture is from Dal Lake, Kashmir, India. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

Taiwan 2014b
Fisherman, cleaning a net on board his vessel, Wushe Fishing Harbour, north-eastern Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sverige 2016-18
Carved wooden figure, depicting a fisherman, placed on the window sill of a fisherman’s hut, Kapelludden, Öland, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kina 1987
For thousands of years, fishermen on the Li River, Guangxi Province, southern China, have been using tamed cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo ssp. sinensis) for fishing. – Read more about this species on this website, see Silhouettes, and Vorsø on my mind: Night in the cormorant city. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Zambia 1993
The catch of the day, Lochinwar National Park, Zambia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 1999-2005
Fishing vessel, reflected in water, Nexø Harbour, Bornholm, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1978-79
Fisherman, hauling his boat through the surf, Hambantota, Sri Lanka. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014b
Fishing vessel, passing by an angler, trying his luck at the seashore, Fangliao, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Cambodia 2009
Catching fish in an inundated rice field, using baskets, Pre Rup, Cambodia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 2008-2
In the 1600s, many wars were fought between Denmark and Sweden. The Danish King, Christian V, ordered a fortress erected on a tiny islet near the island of Bornholm, in the Baltic Sea south of Sweden. Construction took place 1684-1687. This island, which had until then been uninhabited, was named Christiansø, in honour of the king. Later, the neighbouring island was named Frederiksø, in honour of his successor, Frederik IV. – At dusk, this fishing boat returns to the harbour on these islets. The tower in the background, which was one of the fortress buildings, later served as a prison for enemies of the king. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1985-86
The brown fish owl (Ketupa zeylonensis) is a large, fish-eating owl, which is distributed from eastern Turkey, eastwards through the Indian Subcontinent to southern China, Vietnam and Myanmar. This bird was photographed in Sariska National Park, Rajasthan, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Familie
Young man, proudly presenting his catch, obtained with a fishing harpoon, northern Norway. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Zambia 1993
This Unga tribal woman and children catch fish in the Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia, using a big basket. The children drive shoals of small fish towards the woman, who scoops them up into the basket. – Read more about the Unga people on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98
Sydindien 1997-98
At dawn, fishermen push their boat out to sea, Puri, Odisha (Orissa), India. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 2008-2
Atlantic cods (Gadus morhua) in a basket, Bornholm, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1976-77
Boy, carrying newly caught fish, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Goa 2008
A large fishing net, full of fish, Goa, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bali-Lombok 2012
Colourful fishing boat, shaped like a swordfish, Senggigi, Lombok, Indonesia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
Fisherman, hauling up his net, Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia. – Read more about this interesting wetland on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 1977-96
Cleaning a fishing vessel, Bornholm, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Fisherman, mending his net, Kavala, Greece. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Goa 2008
Fishermen, hauling their boat ashore, Colva Beach, Goa, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydafrika 2003
Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta), swallowing a tiny fish, Augrabies National Park, South Africa. This small, heron-like bird belongs to a family of its own, Scopidae. When the Boer people arrived in South Africa in the 18th century, they named this bird hamerkop (Dutch for ‘hammer-head’), due to its maul-shaped crest. Later, this name was adopted by the British. The distribution of this bird is huge, covering most of sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, and the south-western tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Traditionally, this species is protected in many places, making it rather confident. This fact may be seen elsewhere on this website, see Culture: Boats. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98
Traditional fishing boat, Puri, Odisha (Orissa), India. The planks are sewn together with thick ‘ropes’, made from straw. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sri Lanka 1974-75
Fisherman, angling from his canoe, Lake Bolgoda, Sri Lanka. The boat is an outrigger, with a smaller trunk on one side, attached to the canoe by two branches. The fish trap in the background consists of mats, constructed from split, 1.5-metre-long, thin bamboo stems, which are tied together with string at the upper and lower ends, and in the middle. The mats are tied to poles, stuck into the lake bottom, forming two rows. The distance between these rows gradually decreases, ending in a fish trap. During the day, fish are attracted by fodder, at night by kerosene lamps, tied to the poles. – Read more about Lake Bolgoda elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Sri Lanka 1976 – Among alcohol brewers. – Other boat types may also be studied on this website, see Culture: Boats. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydafrika 2003
A black-browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophrys) (left), a white-chinned petrel (Procellaria aequinoctialis) (centre), and a Cape petrel (Daption capense), competing to eat fish offal from a fishing vessel, south of Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1982-83
Fisherman, throwing his net into the Rapti River, southern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98
Sydindien 1997-98
Chinese fishing nets, Kochi, Kerala, India. These nets were introduced in Kerala in the 1300s by Chinese fugitives. Each net is tied to a creaking wooden framework, which, by using an ingenious system of levers, large stones, and ropes, and the work of 3-5 men, can be raised or lowered into the water. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2010
Taiwan 2008
Taiwan 2011
The original population of Taiwan is composed of numerous tribes of Malayan origin, who still live in the mountains. Formerly, these tribes had a rich and colourful culture, which has been partially preserved, e.g. in their artwork. These pictures show mosaics, depicting fishermen with a trap and a spear (top), and a fishing net (centre), both artwork of the Atayal tribe Tian Gou (‘Heavenly Dog’), who live near Dongshih. The bottom picture shows an image, made from broken tiles, depicting a woman fishing, artwork of the Maopu tribe, who live near Hsinchu. – More pictures of Taiwanese tribes and their art may be found on this website, see Gallery: People – Tribals of Taiwan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tanzania 1988
Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
The African fish-eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer) is widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa, always found near water. Incidentally, this eagle is the national bird of no less than three countries: Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Sudan. The upper picture shows an eagle, sitting in a tree along the Rufiji River, Tanzania. It was so confiding that it remained on its perch, even as our rubber dinghy bumped into its tree. In the bottom picture, an eagle has just caught a fish in Lake Malawi. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tunesien 1987
Fishermen, hauling in their net, Sousse, Tunisia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydasien 1976-77
This Burgher (a person of mixed Sinhalese and European descent) tries his luck, angling in the sea, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 2000-05
Nowadays, most fishing vessels in Denmark are anchored in harbours. A few places, though, like here at Torup Strand, Jutland, fishermen still haul their boats ashore, using huge winches. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Goa 2008
Fishermen, hauling a huge net ashore, Colva Beach, Goa, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded October 2017)

 

(Revised continuously)