A place to live

 

 

The city of Meknès, northern Morocco, in the Berber language called Amknas, was founded in the 11th Century by the Almoravids. It became capital of Morocco during the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismaïl (1672-1727), who turned it into an impressive city, with a harmonious blending of the Islamic and European Maghreb styles. (Source: whc.unesco.org/en/list/793)

Read about our troubles in this city elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Africa 1980 – Arduous journey across Africa.

 

Afrika 1980-81
Street in the Medina (the old Arabian quarter), Meknès. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kina 1987
These houses along a river, running through the town of Yangshuo, Guangxi Zhuang Province, southern China, are built on stilts to avoid flooding of the interior during heavy downpours. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2017
Scented geraniums are the most popular house plants in the Alps, here in the village of Stechelberg, Lauterbrunnen Valley, Berner Oberland, Switzerland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Annapurna 2007
Farm house near the village of Dana, Kali Gandaki Valley, Annapurna, Nepal. Firewood has been stacked in the shed to the right. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In the Kashmir Valley, northern India, many people live in house boats along canals in the largest city of the area, Srinagar, and on Lakes Nagin and Dal. More pictures from this area are found elsewhere on this website, see Culture: Boats.

 

Nordindien 1982
House boats, Srinagar. The birds are Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). This species is presented elsewhere on this website, see Animals: Animals as servants of Man. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nordindien 1997
Fishing nets, drying in front of a house in Srinagar. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

Arizona-Utah 2001
’White House Pueblo’, an abandoned former Native American dwelling, built on a rock shelf, Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

For thousands of years, a huge marsh area in southern Iraq, between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, was the home of the Madan tribe, whose way of life was completely adapted to the wet habitat. They moved about in canoes, built their reed houses on islets, and made a living by hunting and fishing, growing rice, and raising water buffaloes.

The regime of Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (1979-2003) put an end to their way of life by draining the marshes, as a retaliation for the Madan siding with the Americans during the First Gulf War (1990-1991).

Read more about this interesting wetland elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Iraq 1973: The hospitable mudir, and Dust storm and sheep’s head.

 

Asien 1972-73
Asien 1972-73
These pictures are from 1973, prior to the destruction of the marshes. At that time, there were almost no roads in the marshes, and people got around in long, slender canoes, called meshof. In both pictures, flat cakes of cow dung are laid out to dry in the sun, later to be used as fuel. The woman is baking flat loaves of bread, called hrobes, in a clay oven. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1977-78
Village house, decorated with a painting, depicting peacocks (Pavo cristatus), near Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan, India. Dried cow dung is stacked in front of the house, later to be used as fuel. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bangkok 2005-07
Houses, built on poles along a lake shore, Damnoensaduak, Thailand. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Irland 1987-99
A patch of sunshine partly illuminates a valley with farm houses and fields, enclosed by stone walls, Dingle Peninsula, south-western Ireland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In the village of Braga, Upper Marsyangdi Valley, Annapurna, central Nepal, houses are built very close to one another up a slope, the roof of one house acting as the terrace of the one above. Most of the houses are adorned with Tibetan Buddhist prayer flags, and stacked piles of brushwood are used as kindling for the kitchen fire. – Read more about prayer flags, and about Buddhism in general, elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Buddhism.

 

Nepal 1985
The village of Braga, Annapurna, Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Bornholm 1977-96
Bornholm 1977-96
On the island of Bornholm, Denmark, many half-timber houses have been conserved, as these in the town of Gudhjem. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tyrkiet 2006
Kızıl Adalar, or ‘Prince Islands’, as they are called in English, are a group of nine islands in the Marmara Sea, near Istanbul, Turkey. This picture shows mansions on the island of Kınalı Ada. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2011a
Cooper Cabin, a panel-built house from 1861, is the oldest intact building on the Big Sur Coast, California, today situated in Andrew Molera State Park. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Cambodia 2009
Cambodia 2009
Lake Tonle Sap, Cambodia, is home to a rather large group of Vietnamese, living in so-called ‘floating villages’ – houses built on pontoons or rafts, anchored to the lake bottom. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chile 2011a
Mansion in Cartagena, Chile. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

During the heydays of the Soviet Union, the city of Anadyr, Chukotka Province, Siberia, was of huge importance due to the presence of a gigantic missile launch, in which several missiles, armed with nuclear weapons, were aimed at various targets in the U.S. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the whole business was covered with soil, and the importance of Anadyr vanished.

Today, this area bears the marks of decay and indifference, in equal measures. Rubble, wires, iron pipes, oil drums, scrapped trucks, workmen’s huts, and a lot of other rubbish is ubiquitous, and nobody cares to clean up the mess. During the Soviet Era, you just did what you were told, which does not exactly encourage personal initiative. Today, when you are not told to do anything, it seems that nobody wants to take the trouble to clear the mess, and thus beautify the area.

Read more about this city, and about Chukotka in general, elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Siberia 2011 – Caterpillar trip across Chukotka.

 

Chukotka 2011
Apartment buildings in Anadyr Airport City, Chukotka. The ones in front are abandoned, while the gaily painted ones in the background are still inhabited. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indien 2003
This diesel engine in the Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India, is pumping salty groundwater into a pan, where the water evaporates, leaving the salt behind. The tent is the home of a salt worker’s family. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Costa Rica-2
Private-home-cum-tourist-info-centre, Tortuguero National Park, Limón, Costa Rica. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014c
CTaiwan_2017a_268
High-rise buildings in the city of Taichung, Taiwan. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Frankrig-Spanien 2007
Houses in the town of Hecho, Hecho Valley, Pyrenees, Spain. The red flowers are scented geraniums – a popular house plant all over Europe. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Island-Færøerne 1999
Farm in the Aðaldal Valley, northern Iceland, surrounded by snow-clad mountains. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1987
Many farmers’ houses in Nepal are ochre-coloured, built in two storeys, like this one in the Kathmandu Valley. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
Sunset over Lusaka, the capital of Zambia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Yunnan 2007
Village house and stacked firewood, east of Zhongdian, Yunnan Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013b
Apartment building, reflected in the façade of a high-rise building, San Diego, California. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Egypten 1999
Years ago, homeless people began to settle in a graveyard near the Hakim Mosque, Old Cairo, Egypt. Over the years, an entire community has evolved – a town within the town of the dead. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1994
Narrow alley in the city of Bhaktapur, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. This city is mainly inhabited by Newars, a people of mixed Indo-European and Mongolian origin. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Norden 1992-98
Houses in Nuuk, the capital of Greenland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Skandinavien 2001-14
Apartment buildings in Gamla Stan (‘Old City’), Stockholm, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The indigenous population of Borneo is a mixture of Malayan tribes, including Iban, Punan, Kayan, Kelabit, and Penan, known by the common name of Dayaks. Usually, a Dayak village consists of only one house, called a longhouse, which is in fact an entire community under one roof. – Read more about Dayaks and longhouses elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Borneo 1975 – Canoe trip with Punan tribals.

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Longhouse near the town of Kapit, Sarawak. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The town of Lalibela, northern Ethiopia, is famous for its unique array of churches and monasteries, dating back to the 11th and 12th centuries. Many of these buildings are carved down into the bedrock, which is soft, red, volcanic tuff. – Read more about Lalibela elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Ethiopia 1996: Timkat – a Christian festival.

 

Ethiopien 1996
House in Lalibela. The round building is a storage building for crops. The plants in the foreground are agaves. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Farm house and hay tedder, Anno 1975, near Westerhever, Eiderstedt, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Filippinerne 1984
Houses in the village of Bocos, Banawe, Luzon, Philippines, an area inhabited by Ifugao tribals. – Read more about the Ifugao people elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Philippines 1984 – Shamanism among Ifugao tribals. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Annapurna 2007
The village of Kagbeni is situated in the dry Upper Kali Gandaki Valley, in the district of Mustang, central Nepal. Most of the houses are adorned with Buddhist prayer flags, and firewood is stacked on the roofs. – Read more about prayer flags, and about Buddhism in general, elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Frankrig-Spanien 2007
House boats on the Seine River, Paris. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In autumn, hardwood forests of north-eastern United States are a spectacle to behold, when the foliage of a number of trees, including sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and red maple (A. rubrum), display an array of red and yellow. Especially gorgeous is the foliage of red maple, which turns a brilliant orange, scarlet, or yellow – or sometimes all three colours on the same leaf. This tree, also known as swamp maple, water maple, or soft maple, is one of the most abundant and widespread broad-leaved trees in eastern and central North America, distributed from Newfoundland south to Florida, westwards to Manitoba, Minnesota, and eastern Texas. It is very adaptable, growing in various types of soil, from swamps to dry areas, and from sea level to about 900 metres altitude.

Many more autumn pictures from New England, as well as other places, are found elsewhere on this website, see: In praise of the colour red, and Gallery: Nature – Autumn.

 

USA 1998-99
House, surrounded by autumn forest, Berkshire, Massachusetts. More than a hundred Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are swimming about in the lake. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1972-73
Farm house in Luristan, south-western Iran. – Read about our rather bizarre adventures in this area elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Iran 1973 – In the mountains of Luristan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 2013
Many of the houses in the town of Taplejung, eastern Nepal, are painted blue. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In 1987, I stayed a couple of weeks in the town of Shigatse, Tibet. At that time, Chinese authorities had already begun levelling huge areas of the town to create a ‘modern’ (i.e. communist concrete style) town. Today (2018), very little remains of Old Shigatse. – Read more about my stay in this town, and about Tibet in general, elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Tibet 1987 – Tibetan summer.

 

Tibet 1987
Beautiful old-style houses in Shigatse, 1987. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Tibet 1987
Modern Chinese house complex, Shigatse, 1987. In those days, traffic in this town was almost non-existing, so this police officer, directing traffic in a brand-new street crossing, is not overwhelmed by his work. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

Tyrkiet 2006
Colourful apartment complexes in the town of Zonguldak, northern Turkey. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guatemala 1998
Many houses in Antigua, former capital of Guatemala, are well-preserved, often painted in pastel colours. – Read more about this city, and about Guatemala in general, elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Guatemala 1998 – Country of the Mayans. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Guizhou 2009
This village in the Wumeng Shan Mountains, Guizhou Province, China, is covered in a thin layer of newly fallen snow. – Read more about this area elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: China 2009 – Among black-necked cranes. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2000-01
Mansion from the British Colonial Era, Charleston, South Carolina, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The Unga are a Bantu people – from ba (a plural form) and ntu (’human’), i.e. ‘people’ – who live on islands in the great Bangweulu Swamps, northern Zambia. Their main occupation is fishing, and they also grow manioc, or kassava (Manihot esculenta), besides collecting a number of wild plants, such as rhizomes of water-lilies (Nymphaea) and roots of papyrus (Cyperus papyrus). They also hunt birds and antelope.

At the end of the dry season, between August and November, the water level in the Bangweulu Swamps has subsided, causing the fish to concentrate in smaller areas. At this time, most Unga families move from their village to stay in temporary fishing camps in the interior of the swamps, living in small grass huts, made from branches and reeds.

Read more about the Unga people elsewhere on this website, see Countries and places: Bangweulu – where water meets the sky.

 

Zambia 1993
The huts in the Unga fishing camp may look rather primitive, but they allow the wind to pass through the walls, keeping the interior wonderfully cool. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1977-78
The city of Salt, Jordan, as of 1977. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2014b
A peculiar wedge-shaped house, built where two streets join at a sharp angle, Rueilli, Taiwan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The vast Thar Desert stretches across the state of Rajasthan, north-western India, and further west into Pakistan. This desert is surprisingly densely populated. Scattered across the bleak landscape lie numerous towns and villages, inhabited by various peoples, belonging to various religions, such as Jains, Bishnois, Muslims, and Hindu Rajputs. – Read more about this interesting desert elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: India 2003 – Camel safari in the Thar Desert.

 

Indien 2003
Nordindien 1991
Wattle-and-daube houses in the villages Mari (top) and Khorma. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Indonesien 1985
Children, peeping out from the door opening in their home, made of split bamboo stems, in a village near Kintamani, Bali, Indonesia. The shy girl only shows an eye! (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Irland 1987-99
Street in the town of Dingle, south-western Ireland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guizhou-Yunnan 2007
A house and a small garden plot, constructed on the roof of a high-rise building, Guiyang, Guizhou Province, China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2002-10
As the world population has soared, people must live close together. – Manhattan, New York City, seen from Empire State Building. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Jylland 2000-05
Half-timber house from the 1800s, its roof made of seaweed, Byerum, Læsø Island, Denmark. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

During the era of the great trading caravans, a side branch of the Old Silk Road led through the city of Jaisalmer, in the Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. Travelling along this route, numerous camel caravans brought goods to and from India, trading with faraway China, Persia, Turkey, and Europe. As wealth accumulated in Jaisalmer, rich traders built extravagant and ornate sandstone mansions, called havelis, their walls and balconies decorated with beautiful and detailed carvings. – Read more about Jaisalmer, and about the Thar Desert in general, elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes – India 2003: Camel safari in the Thar Desert.

 

Nordindien 1985-86
Nordindien 1991
Havelis in the city of Jaisalmer. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

Nordindien 1985-86
As a stark contrast to the mansions above, this picture shows a narrow lane in Jaisalmer. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

 

Kanariske Øer 2006
Before construction of this serpentine road, leading down to Masca, Tenerife, Canary Islands, this village indeed had a very isolated location. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 1968-2001
Morning light on a row of houses in the town of Golling, Salzburg, Austria. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Egypten 1999
Homeless people have erected a dwelling on a walkway in Cairo, Egypt. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Kina 1987
Apartment complex, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Laundry is hung out on poles to dry. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Ladakh 2000
This gompa (Tibetan Buddhist monastery) at Lamayuru, Ladakh, northern India, has a dramatic setting, built atop eroded crags, while village houses have been built beneath the rocks. – Read more about gompas, and about Buddhism in general, elsewhere on this website, see Religion: Buddhism. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1977-78
Homes of rope makers, Ambala, Haryana, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
Thulo Shyabru is a village, situated on a ridge in Langtang National Park, Nepal. Still, a few houses in this village are built of wood, with beautifully carved window frames, but this millennia-old craft is quickly disappearing, giving way to houses built of bricks or concrete, with pre-fabricated windows. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Gjorslev Estate, Stevns, Zealand, Denmark, was built around 1400 on the order of the Bishop of Roskilde, Peder Jensen Lodehat (died 1416). This powerful man was chancellor of Denmark, and friend and adviser of Queen Margrete I (1353-1412). Today, Lodehat’s castle consists of a 30-metre-high tower and four buildings, erected in the shape of a cross, built of bricks and limestone from the Cliffs of Stevns. They are surrounded by a moat. In 1638 and 1843, respectively, two wings were added. (Source: gjorslev.dk/Gjorslevhistorie.htm)

 

Sjælland 2006-11
Horse, grazing in front of Gjorslev Estate, Stevns, Zealand, Denmark. Leaves of London planetree (Platanus x acerifolia) are seen in the foreground. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 1997-98
Khond tribal village, near Rayagada, Odisha (Orissa), India. – Many pictures of Indian tribal people are found elsewhere on this website, see Gallery: People – Tribals of India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Myanmar 2007
Longboat, bringing passengers and goods down the main canal in the town of Nyaung Shwe, Lake Inle, Myanmar. The houses in the background are built on stilts. – More pictures from this area are found elsewhere on this website, see Culture: Boats. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Chile 2011a
Houses, built helter-skelter, Valparaiso, Chile. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Situated at an altitude of 3,650 metres, the Tibetan village of Ghyaru, Upper Marsyangdi Valley, Annapurna, central Nepal, experiences a very harsh climate, with intensely cold winters, and cool summers with fierce sunshine. The roofs are flat, indicating that rainfall in this area is sparse.

 

Nepal 1998
A thin layer of newly fallen snow partly covers the houses in the village of Ghyaru. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Guatemala 1998
A green and shady patio in front of a residential house, Antigua, Guatemala. – Read more about this city, and about Guatemala in general, elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Guatemala 1998 – Country of the Mayans. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nordindien 1991
Woman in a window, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. – Read more about this gorgeous city elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: India 1991 – Attending Hindu festivals in Rajasthan. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Norden 1967-86
Midnight sun on the village of Ekkerøy, Varanger Peninsula, northern Norway. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1972-73
In 1973, when this picture was taken, houses in this village in the Alborz Mountains, northern Iran, were constructed along a rock wall, partly built into caves. – Read more about these mountains elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Iran 1973 – Car breakdown at the Caspian Sea. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Wooden houses in the town of Lihula, Estonia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Irland 1987-99
Lots of chimneys, Dublin, Ireland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Puerto Rico 2000
Apartments in San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico. Bougainvilleas are grown on the balconies. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
‘Tree House’, an ‘apartment’, carved into the trunk of a huge coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), Leggett, California. – More pictures of these impressive trees are found elsewhere on this website, see Plants: Ancient and huge trees. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 1968-2001
The city of Thun was established along the Aare River, Berner Oberland, Switzerland. This picture was taken from the city castle, Schloss Thun. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Asien 1972-73
Still today, some bedouins live in black tents in the Syrian Desert. This family has erected their tent at the outskirts of the great marshland of southern Iraq. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

In the 1600s, a number of wars were fought between Denmark and Sweden. The Danish King, Christian V, ordered a fortress erected on a tiny islet near the island of Bornholm, in the Baltic Sea, south of Sweden. Construction took place 1684-1687. This island, which until then had been uninhabited, was named Christiansø, in honour of the king. Later, the neighbouring island was named Frederiksø, in honour of his successor, Frederik IV.

 

Bornholm 2017
This picture shows the former staff quarters on Christiansø, called Gaden (‘The Street’). Today, apartments have been constructed in these buildings. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013a
House boats in Lake Kaweah, Lemon Hill Recreation Area, California. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Farm house in the Mokra Mountains, Kosovo, the Balkans. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Frankrig-Spanien 2007
Village east of Millau, Cévennes Mountains, France. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Yunnan 2007
The town of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, is criss-crossed by canals. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Afrika 1980-81
Wattle-and-daube houses with grass roofs in a village near Butembo, eastern Zaire. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The Nabataeans were an Arab people, in Arabic called al-ʾAnbāṭ, who, around the 1st Century A.D., lived in the northern part of the Arabic Peninsula and in present-day Jordan and Israel. Their assumed capital was Raqmu, today called Petra, which had an estimated population of 20,000.

 

Asien 1977-78
In 1977, when this picture was taken, very few tourists visited the gorgeous ruins of Petra, Jordan. In those days, some of the caves of the area were still inhabited. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Californien 2013
Alternative style of building, Mendocino, California. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Estimates vary, but there may be as many as 3 or 4 million Nubians, living in Egypt. When the Condominium Agreement of 1899 fixed the boundary between Egypt and Sudan, Lower Nubians found themselves under direct Egyptian rule and politically separated from their kin to the south. This arbitrary frontier divides the Nubian-speaking people more or less equally between Egypt and Sudan. Close ties of culture, language, and family continue to unite the people north and south of the border, and until the evacuation of 1964, which accompanied the building of the Aswan High Dam, there was continual visiting back and forth between them. Egyptian Nubia is part of the Governorate of Aswan, which also includes a populous area, whose inhabitants are not Nubian. As a result, Nubians have found themselves a minority within their native province. (Source: minorityrights.org/minorities/nubians)

 

Egypten 1999
Nubian village on the Sehel Island, in the Nile River, Aswan. The houses may look very traditional, but people are not out of touch with the modern way of life, as shown by the satellite dish. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The small island Karativu, off the west coast of Sri Lanka, is only inhabited during the fishing season, and most of the fishermen leave their wives and children on the mainland. The village here consists of about a hundred huts, constructed of branches, covered with mats made from palm leaves. Some are completely open, while others are equipped with palm-leaf walls. – Read more about Karativu elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Sri Lanka 1974 – An illegal walk through Wilpattu.

 

 

Sri Lanka 1974-75
Fishermen’s huts, Karativu. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sverige 2016-18
Half-timber houses in the old part of the city of Ystad, Skåne, Sweden. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydindien 2000-01
Morning light on the town of Ooty, a hill station in the Nilgiri Mountains, Tamil Nadu, India. Black rain clouds are looming on the horizon. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydlige Afrika 1996-97
Malawian village on the shores of Lake Malawi. – Read more about this great lake elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Malawi 1997 – A three-day ferry cruise on Lake Malawi. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The Batak are a Malayan people, living in a large area, centered around Lake Toba, central Sumatra, Indonesia. – More pictures of this tribe are found elsewhere on this website, see Gallery: People – Tribals of the Sunda Islands.

 

Sydøstasien 1975
Beautifully decorated Batak tribal houses in the village of Porsea, Sumatra, one with an old-type straw roof, the other with a corrugated tin roof. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Sydspanien 2005
Typical white-washed houses in the town of Casares, Andalusia, Spain. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Taiwan 2013
In a suburban area of Taichung, Taiwan, a retired soldier has adorned an entire neighbourhood – walls, streets, doors – with colourful paintings. For this reason, the area has been dubbed Tsai Hung Tsun (‘Rainbow Village’). – More pictures of these paintings are found elsewhere on this website, see Culture: Folk art. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2016
Typical apartment blocks from the Communist Era in the city of Leipzig, Germany, which, until 1989, was situated in East Germany. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Frankrig-Spanien 2007
Frankrig-Spanien 2007
The fortified town of Berdun, Aragon, Spain, was established on a hilltop with a wide view. The lower picture shows a street in this town, shortly after a rain shower. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

 

The city of Jodhpur, Rajasthan, north-western India, was founded in 1459 by Rajput Prince Rao Jodha. The Old Town is aptly called The Blue City, as most of its houses are painted a light blue. Originally, these blue houses were inhabited by Brahmins, and their colour indicated that here you could ask advice about disease as well as religious issues. Furthermore, the blue paint contains copper oxides, which keep termites at bay.

 

Nordindien 1991
Blue houses, Jodhpur. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Tunesien 1987
Woman in the medina (the old Arabian quarter), Sousse, Tunisia. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Göreme, central Turkey, is an area of numerous earth pyramids, eroded out of a comparatively soft layer of tuff rocks. These structures are formed, where larger rocks protect the underlaying soil from being eroded by rain, over the years forming majestic pillars, which often rise steeply out of the surrounding soil.

 

Tyrkiet 2006
Tyrkiet 2006
In Göreme, caves have been carved into many of these earth pyramids, and people still live in some of them today. (Photos copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Europa 1972-2005
Village and boats, Lake Skadarsko, Montenegro. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

The village of Namche Bazaar has been established around a natural well in a bowl-shaped depression on a mountain slope in the Khumbu area, eastern Nepal. This village is mainly known for a huge market, taking place here every Saturday.

 

Nepal 2002
Namche Bazaar, seen from a nearby hilltop. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 1968-2001
Winter in the town of Annaberg im Lammertal, Salzburg, Austria. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2012
Alternative style of house-building, Reeds Beach, Cape May, New Jersey, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Uttarakhand 2008
Houses, erected on stilts along a polluted river at the outskirts of the city of Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1985
Sections of the main street, leading through the village of Larjung, Kali Gandaki Valley, Nepal, are covered, giving the impression of walking through tunnels. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

USA 2000-01
House in a clearing in a deciduous forest, near Waynesville, South Carolina, United States. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Alperne 2017
Apartments in the city of Sion, Valais, Switzerland. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Yunnan 2007
Morning light on a village of the Bai minority, north of Dali, Yunnan Province, China. – Many pictures of Chinese tribal people are found elsewhere on this website, see Gallery: People – Tribals of China. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Zambia 1993
Decorated house in a village of the Bena Kabende tribe, northern Zambia. – Read more about this area elsewhere on this website, see Travel episodes: Zambia 1993 – Hunting shoebill with camera. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

Nepal 1998
Early morning light partly illuminates a huge house, with beautiful wooden balconies, in the town of Ilam, eastern Nepal. (Photo copyright © by Kaj Halberg)

 

 

(Uploaded January 2018)

 

(Revised continuously)